Silane - SiH4

Find here the essential information on silicon tetrahydride (SiH4) or silane: characteristics, effects on health, detection devices & systems - Silane gas detector - and proper respiratory protective equipment (self-contained breathing apparatus and supplied air respirator).

Silane properties (SiH4)

Silicon tetrahydride (SiH4) – most commonly known as silane – is an active gas primarily used for deposing silicon base layers. This process is performed through pyrolysis in the glass industry: oxygen-free thermal decomposition of organic materials. It is also used to produce amorphous silicon for photocopiers or solar cells.

CAS TWA (8 hours) STEL (15 minutes) LEL IP Density / Air Filter / SCBA
7784-42-1 0.05 ppm 0.2 ppm - 9.87 eV 2.7 SCBA

Silane effects on health

At ambient temperature, silane (SiH4) is a colorless gas with a specific smell. As it is heavier than air, it can replace oxygen in poorly ventilated areas and create asphyxiatingenvironments. The major silane hazard remains its explosiveness. Indeed, as it is extremely flammable, it can spontaneously ignite when in contact with the air. If heated, it produces hydrogenated silicon, which increase the risk of explosion.

Silane can be swallowed by inhalation. If released, this gas can swiftly reach hazardous concentration levels in the air. If inhaled, silane causes headaches, nausea, coughing and sore throat. The liquid's fast evaporation can cause frostbite.

Silane gas detector - SiH4

SiH4 respiratory protection - Silane