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Formaldehyde – CH2O

Find here essential information on formaldehyde – also known as methyl aldehydemethanol, or formol – (CH2O ): characteristics, effects on health, detection devices & systems (CH2O gas detector) and proper respiratory protective equipment (gas mask or full PAPR with B-P3 combined filter).

Formaldehyde detector and CH2O respiratory protection for safety

Formaldehyde properties

Formaldehyde (CH2O) – also known as methyl aldehydemethanol or formol – is naturally present in incomplete combustion with carbon (forest fires, thermal engines, tobacco smoke…). This gas is used for many applications like in agriculture (insecticide), wood industry (plywood panels), building construction (insulation panels, paints, glues), food industry (food preservation), or pharmaceutical sector (disinfectant).

CASTWA (8 hours)STEL (15 minutes)LELIPDensity / AirFilter / SCBA
50-00-00.5 ppm1 ppm7.0 %10.88 eV1.04B-P3

Formaldehyde effects on health

Formaldehyde (CH2O) is a colorless gas with a pungent and suffocating smell. This gas is very toxic by inhalation (R23), in contact with skin (R24), or if swallowed (R25) and can cause burns (R34). Featuring explosive limits between 7 and 73% volume, this gas is flammable and explosive. It can form explosive mixtures or enhance the explosive potential of other mixtures. The IARC* exposed a link between formaldehyde vapor explosivity and carcinogenic effects (R40).

*IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on WHO World Health Organization)

Formaldehyde exposure effects on health - CH2O gas

Formaldehyde exposure effects on health (CH2O)

Formaldehyde detector - CH2O

Despite its pungent and suffocating smell, only a formaldehyde detector can accurately measure concentrations of this very toxic gas. It is recommended to use a portable or fixed ppm or ppb formaldehyde gas detection device or system.

The colorimetric gas detection tube system is a simple and accurate solution composed by a manual sampling pump and a specific gas detection tube. They are designed for use together.

  • Gas detector tubes Colorimetric tube
  • Accurate: the sampling pump features a mechanical accuracy piston which creates a vacuum then enables direct reading on the colored tube (colorimetric tube)
  • Swift: one or two pump strokes are enough to draw sample and the value can be directly read on the tube
  • User-friendly: no knowledge, no specific process and no technical competence are required

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Colorimetric tubes

The colorimetric gas detection tube system is a simple and accurate solution composed by a manual sampling pump and a specific gas detection tube. They are designed for use together.

Gas detector tubes Colorimetric tube
  • Accurate: the sampling pump features a mechanical accuracy piston which creates a vacuum then enables direct reading on the colored tube (colorimetric tube)
  • Swift: one or two pump strokes are enough to draw sample and the value can be directly read on the tube
  • User-friendly: no knowledge, no specific process and no technical competence are required

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The Pac 8000 OV can monitor many gases and organic vapors. The device is waterproof and ideally adapts to the harshest conditions.

  • Organic vapors detector PAC 8000 OV by Drager
  • Water and dust proof
  • Detects many gases and organic vapors
  • 2 years battery lifespan
  • Housing resistant to extreme conditions
  • ATEX, cCSAus, IECEx, CE compliant
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Organic vapors detector PAC 8000 OV

The Pac 8000 OV can monitor many gases and organic vapors. The device is waterproof and ideally adapts to the harshest conditions.

Organic vapors detector PAC 8000 OV by Drager
  • Water and dust proof
  • Detects many gases and organic vapors
  • 2 years battery lifespan
  • Housing resistant to extreme conditions
  • ATEX, cCSAus, IECEx, CE compliant
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The X-am 5000 portable gas detector represents an ideal solution for individual protection and monitoring of combustible and toxic gases as well as oxygen. Small and lightweight, this multi gas detector can simultaneously detect the presence of 1 up to 5 gases.

  • 5 gas monitor Drager X-am 5000 for combustible, toxic gases and oxygen monitoring
  • Ergonomic, compact and lightweight
  • Customizable with interchangeable sensors
  • Powered with alkaline or T4 batteries
  • Water and dust resistant, insensitive to electromagnetic interferences
  • Optional external pump to draw remote samples
  • Additional information
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5 gas monitor X-am 5000

The X-am 5000 portable gas detector represents an ideal solution for individual protection and monitoring of combustible and toxic gases as well as oxygen. Small and lightweight, this multi gas detector can simultaneously detect the presence of 1 up to 5 gases.

5 gas monitor Drager X-am 5000 for combustible, toxic gases and oxygen monitoring
  • Ergonomic, compact and lightweight
  • Customizable with interchangeable sensors
  • Powered with alkaline or T4 batteries
  • Water and dust resistant, insensitive to electromagnetic interferences
  • Optional external pump to draw remote samples
Additional information

The X-am 5000 5 gas monitor is the world’s smallest handheld multi gas detector. This personal safety equipment has been especially designed to accurately and reliably detect the presence of combustible and toxic gases, amines and organic vapors but also to monitor the presence of oxygen in ambient air.

With its ultra-compact size and its low weight, the X-am 5000 monitor is easy to wear, attached to a pocket or directly on a collar in order to measure concentrations inhaled by its users. This device features two buttons to navigate the intuitive and user-friendly menus.

The interchangeable Ex catalytic sensors used in this detector can be easily replaced for use in a large number of applications. These sensors are engineered for measures from the lower explosive limit (LEL) up to 100% of the volume. Because they are interchangeable, these catalytic gas detection sensors can be easily replaced. The user can also add sensors to upgrade a detector in order to detect new gases. Moreover, these sensors feature excellent stability and enhanced resistance against poisons like hydrogen sulfide or silicon. Their lifetime can exceed 4 years.

In compliance with the IP67 standard, the X-am 5000 5 gas monitor is airtight to dust and water. Thanks to its rubber housing, this detector is also resistant to shocks, vibrations and impacts in order to be used in the most difficult environments.

Thanks to an optional external pump, the X-am 5000 can also be used to draw remote samples up to 30 meters away. This pump can be easily and quickly mounted and removed and requires no tool. This way, operators can easily switch from diffusion mode to pump mode in order to control the presence of hazardous concentrations of gases before any intervention in confined space – for applications in tanks for example).

Lastly, the X-am 5000 portable multi gas detector is available with two power supply opportunities: either with alkaline batteries or with a rechargeable T4 battery. Furthermore, its integrated data logger can store up to 1,000 hours of data per interval of one minute.

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SIL 2 approved ATEX gas detector to detect the combustible gases (IR or catalytic), CO2 (IR), toxic gases (electrochemical), solvents or freons (semiconductor) and asphyxiating gases (oxygen deficiency).

  • Fixed gas detector OLCT100
  • Detection of hydrocarbons, solvents, toxic gases, freons, VOC, CO2
  • Housing made of aluminium with epoxy paint (optional 316L Stainless Steel version)
  • Outputs: OLC100: Wheatstone bridge – OLCT100: 4-20 mA linear
  • Power supply: 15.5 to 32 VDC
  • ATEX & SIL 2 approved for catalytic and infrared versions
  • Additional information
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Fixed gas detector – OLCT100

SIL 2 approved ATEX gas detector to detect the combustible gases (IR or catalytic), CO2 (IR), toxic gases (electrochemical), solvents or freons (semiconductor) and asphyxiating gases (oxygen deficiency).

Fixed gas detector OLCT100
  • Detection of hydrocarbons, solvents, toxic gases, freons, VOC, CO2
  • Housing made of aluminium with epoxy paint (optional 316L Stainless Steel version)
  • Outputs: OLC100: Wheatstone bridge – OLCT100: 4-20 mA linear
  • Power supply: 15.5 to 32 VDC
  • ATEX & SIL 2 approved for catalytic and infrared versions
Additional information

Thanks to the wide variety of sensor technologies that can be used with this monitor, the OLCT100 fixed gas detector can detect a large range of gases. The combustible gases can be detected with a catalytic or infrared sensor, toxic gases with an electrochemical sensor, freons with a semiconductor sensor and carbon dioxide with an infrared sensor.

Two outputs types are available for this fixed gas detector range. The first one is the 4-20 mA analog output. It can be used to detect combustible, toxic and asphyxiating gases but also solvents, freons or carbon dioxide. The second output version is a Wheatstone bridge for the detection of combustible gases (0-100% LEL only).

Many accessories are available for the OLCT100 gas detector to improve sensor response time or to get optimal implementation.

The OLC/OLCT100 range is available under 5 versions:

  • OLC100 : Wheatstone bridge output detector to detect the combustible gases (0-100% LEL only)
  • OLCT 100 XP: Explosion-proof version equipped with a catalytic, electrochemical or semiconductor sensor to detect the combustible or toxic gases or oxygen.
  • OLCT 100 IS: Extremely reliable version to detect toxic gases or oxygen.
  • OLCT 100 XP IR: Explosion-proof version equipped with an infrared sensor to detect the combustible gases or CO2
  • OLCT 100 XP HT: High temperature explosion-proof version to detect combustible gases up to 200 °C
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CH2O respiratory protection - Formaldehyde respirator mask

As CH20 is irritant to the eyes, it is recommended to use a formaldehyde respirator like a full face mask for short interventions or a much more comfortable powered air purifying respirator equipped with a B-P3 combined filter. If concentrations exceed 60 times the OEL, a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is required.

The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

  • The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger
  • Universal size
  • Large field of view
  • Hypoalergenic material
  • Integrated ventilation system
  • Compatible with X-plore Rd 40 filter series
  • Additional information
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Full face respirator X-plore 6300

The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger
  • Universal size
  • Large field of view
  • Hypoalergenic material
  • Integrated ventilation system
  • Compatible with X-plore Rd 40 filter series
Additional information

The X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask is a respiratory protective device that has been especially designed for use in industrial environments.

Made of ultra-resistant and hypoalergenic EPDM elastomer, this full face respirator features a dual airtight seal for maximal reliability, comfort and safety. Cost-effective, this mask fits perfectly in any morphology and any face shape witout annoying its wearer.

The large facepiece visor is made of PMMA plexiglass (polymethyl methacrylate) and features a plastic frame to offer a large 180° field of view without distorsion and an outstanding panoramic view. This visor is also especially treated to be scratch resistant. Moreover, the X-plore 6300 mask is equipped with an integrated ventilation system in order to avoid presence of steam and condensation inside the full facepiece.

Thanks to its universal size and its 5-point specific harness, this respirator is very easy to don and to remove. The special design of its donning straps avoids any pressure on the head or the face of the user. This way, the X-plore 6300 can be worn during long periods of time without annoying the user. taille. Furthermore, thanks to this standard size and its low weight – approximately 500 grams – the X-plore 6300 single cartridge respirator is easier to carry and to store.

Lastly, this respiratory protective full face respirator is fully compatible with X-plore Rd 40 series filters. These filters feature universal 40 mm connector threads in compliance with the EN 148-1 European standard. These filters are especially designed to purify air from any contaminant that could be harmful for the user. This filter range provides reliable and efficient protection in any situation against toxic substances – gas or particles. Thus, the X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask can be equipped with a particle filter, a gas filter or a combined filter to respond to any demanding application.

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Half-mask respirator X-plore 3300 with innovative mounting system for optimal operating comfort. This Gas mask is fully compatible with the X-plore bayonet filter cartridge range.

  • half mask respirator , dual cartridge gas mask Dräger X-plore 3300
  • Flexible nose area for optimal sealing
  • Reduced and cost-effective maintenance
  • Large field of view
  • Innovative X mounting system
  • Large range of compatible filters
  • Additional information
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Half-mask respirator X-plore 3300

Half-mask respirator X-plore 3300 with innovative mounting system for optimal operating comfort. This Gas mask is fully compatible with the X-plore bayonet filter cartridge range.

half mask respirator , dual cartridge gas mask Dräger X-plore 3300
  • Flexible nose area for optimal sealing
  • Reduced and cost-effective maintenance
  • Large field of view
  • Innovative X mounting system
  • Large range of compatible filters
Additional information

Available in three different sizes – S (small), M (medium) and L (large) – the X-plore 3300 half mask respirator has been designed to provide maximum comfort to its user.

Made of soft material, this dual cartridge respirator features a specific design especially well-suited for use in addition to head protective units and safety goggles. Thanks to a soft and flexible nose area and the lateral location of air purifying filters, the X-plore 3300 gas mask provides its user with large field of view and optimal adjustment. Because of a specific X design of the harness, this dual cartridge respirator is very easy to don and to remove and fits perfectly with the user’s face. Moreover, this harness allows better weight balance and enhances comfort of use without pressure.

Particularly cost-effective, the X-plore 3300 half mask also features reduced maintenance. The right choice for operators who need comfortable respiratory protective equipment at lower prices.

Finally, the X-plore 3300 respiratory protective half mask respirator is made for use with the X-plore series bayonet filters. This filtering cartridge range combines air purifying power to modern design for an optimal comfort of use. Thanks to their rugged plastic design, these filters are highly resistant.

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The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

  • X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator
  • Airtight and secured design
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • 180° large field of view
  • Efficient ventilation system
  • Compatible with the X-plore filters range
  • Additional information
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Full facepiece respirator X-plore 5500

The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator
  • Airtight and secured design
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • 180° large field of view
  • Efficient ventilation system
  • Compatible with the X-plore filters range
Additional information

Especially designed to provide an optimal protection in presence of gas or particles, the X-plore 5500 full facepiece respirator is widely used in many industrial applications (particularly in the chemical and steel industries) but also shipyard industry…

Equipped with a visor made of polycarbonate or triplex glass, the X-plore 5500 mask provides its wearer a large field of vision without distortion. The polycarbonate panoramic visor features a frame made of plastics and is highly resistant to shocks while the glass visor – with stainless steel frame – is treated against scratches and chemical products.

The mask itself features a specific dual seal with triple sealing edges to offer optimal tightness and protection. The body of the dual filter gas mask is made of ultra-resistant EPDM elastomer that fits any morphology and face shape. This way, the mask remains comfortable to wear. Moreover, thanks to its unique standard size, this full facepiece respirator is easy to transport and to store.

As it is a respiratory protective full face mask, steam can appear on the visor. In order to resolve this matter, the le X-plore 5500 is equipped with a special integrated ventilation system. This system has been engineered to protect the visor against any risk of condensation in order to ensure clear view in any situation.

Thanks to its comfortable 5-point flanged harness, the X-plore 550 can be worn and removed easily and quickly. Moreover, its connecting straps have been especially designed to avoid pressure on the head or the face of the user.

The X-plore 5500 dual filter gas mask features two connectors located on both sides to connect two air filtering cartridges. Furthermore, as the filters are positioned laterally and backwards, the field of vision of the user remains perfectly unobstructed. This breathing protection equipment is fully compatible with the X-plore series bayonet filters. These filters are especially designed to provide optimal protection against harmful gases, vapors and particles. Thanks to their bayonet connection system, they can be easily and quickly installed in order to operate as soon as possible.

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The Duraflow powered air respirator is a versatile solution for hazardous workspaces. It provides a quality respiratory protection for a fair price.

  • The powered air purifying respirator Duraflow PAPR
  • Compatibility with RD DIN 40 universal filter cartridges
  • Rechargeable battery – 2 available version: 8 or 16 hours runtime
  • Automatic airflow regulation (160l/min)
  • Visual alarms, notifications and display
  • CEN1294 & CE0086 certified, IP55/IP67
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Powered air purifying respirator Duraflow

The Duraflow powered air respirator is a versatile solution for hazardous workspaces. It provides a quality respiratory protection for a fair price.

The powered air purifying respirator Duraflow PAPR
  • Compatibility with RD DIN 40 universal filter cartridges
  • Rechargeable battery – 2 available version: 8 or 16 hours runtime
  • Automatic airflow regulation (160l/min)
  • Visual alarms, notifications and display
  • CEN1294 & CE0086 certified, IP55/IP67
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