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Ammonia – NH3

This page presents information about ammonia (NH3) – also known as hydrogen nitride: characteristics, effects on health, detection tools & systems – ammonia detector – and proper respiratory protective equipment (gas mask or powered air purifying respirator with K gas filter).

ammonia detector and NH3 respirator

Ammonia properties

Ammonia (NH3) – or hydrogen nitride – is industrially synthetized from nitrogen (N) and hydrogen (H2) using a catalyst (Haber-Bosch process). This substance is a key element for producing fertilizers and is used in the cooling industry. When dissolved into water, ammonia is used to produce household products. it is also exploited in the textile industry and for many other applications.

CASTWA (8 hours)STEL (15 minutes)LELIPDensity / AirFilter / SCBA
7664-41-710 ppm20 ppm15.0 %10.18 eV0.59K

Ammonia effects on health

Above all ammonia is toxic (even at low concentrations) and very irritating to the eyes and breathing tracts. It can be easily detectable through smell with its pungent and asphyxiating smell. This gas is also flammable and explosive between 15 and 28% volume. If it enters in contact with other substances like halogens, mercury or acetaldehyde, explosive reactions can occur.

Ammonia dangers and effects on health (NH3 detectors and respirators)

Ammonia effects on health (NH3)

Ammonia detector (NH3)

Even if NH3 is detectable through smell, only an ammonia detector can accurately measure concentrations of this gas. Two ammonia detection methods are available: either in toxicity with a ppm measurement, or in explosive potential with LEL percentage measurement (combustible gas detector).

The PAC® 8000 portable special gas detector can accurately monitor concentrations of gases like phosgene (COCl2), organic vapors (OV), carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3) and nitrogen oxide (NO).

  • The Drager PAC 8000 portable special gas detector
  • Can detect lower gas concentrations (starting at 0.01 ppm for COCl2).
  • Intuitive operation with large backlit display.
  • Data recording (concentration levels and alarm events).
  • 360° alarm (90 dB signal, LED lights, vibrating alarm).
  • ATEX, CE, IECEx, cCSAus approved.
  • Additional information
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Portable special gas detector PAC 8000

The PAC® 8000 portable special gas detector can accurately monitor concentrations of gases like phosgene (COCl2), organic vapors (OV), carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3) and nitrogen oxide (NO).

The Drager PAC 8000 portable special gas detector
  • Can detect lower gas concentrations (starting at 0.01 ppm for COCl2).
  • Intuitive operation with large backlit display.
  • Data recording (concentration levels and alarm events).
  • 360° alarm (90 dB signal, LED lights, vibrating alarm).
  • ATEX, CE, IECEx, cCSAus approved.
Additional information

Small, compact and lightweight, the PAC 8000 portable special gas detector is a disposable gas detector designed to continuously detect carbon dioxide (CO2), chlorine (Cl2), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), ammonia (NH3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), phosphine (PH3) organic vapors (OV or OV-A) during two years.

This personal monitor can be equipped as well with specific sensors in order to monitor hazardous concentrations of special gases like ozone (O3) at very low concentrations from 0.02 ppm, phosgene (COCl2) from 0.01 ppm and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from 0.04 ppm.

 

The PAC 8000 portable special gas detector has been designed for use in any situation, even in the harshest environments. Thanks to its robust housing design, this device is waterproof, impact-resistant and immune to corrosive chemical products. Its two powerful sensors with a low T90 response time ensure ultra fastt reaction and accurate measurement of the target gas. Its filter is protected against water, dust and other foreign bodies and can be easily replaced if clogged without particular technical skills. Thanks to its crocodile clip, it can be easily worn close to the breathing tracts to get even more precise measurements.

 

 

Thanks to its two powerful flashing LED that can be seen at à 360°, its 90 dB audible alarm and its vibrating alarm, the PAC 8000 special gas detector can alert users in presence of hazardous concentrations of the target gas.

 

The large backlit screen of this portable and disposable gas detector clearly indicates gas concentrations even in the darkest areas but also displays other important information such as remaining battery capacity or passed alarm events values. The PAC 8000 portable gas detector also logs concentrations and alarms so that they can be downloaded to a PC via an interface and processed further even if they were already acknowledged.

 

Each version of the special gas detector PAC 8000  is equipped with extremely durable sensors and powerful batteries to provide a continuous runtime over two years.

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The toxic gas detector GasBadge Pro ATEX series with interchangeable sensor. With a competitive price, this ATEX portable gas detector with interchangeable sensor combines power and flexibility.

  • Detection of Cl2, ClO2, CO, HCN, H2, H2S, NH3, NO2, O2, PH3, SO2.
  • Segmented LCD display for easy and direct reading
  • Internal data logging of alarm events and gas concentrations
  • CR2 3V lithium battery; 2,600 hours minimum runtime
  • Polycarbonate robust and waterproof housing
  • Additional information
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Portable toxic gas detector GASBADGE PRO

The toxic gas detector GasBadge Pro ATEX series with interchangeable sensor. With a competitive price, this ATEX portable gas detector with interchangeable sensor combines power and flexibility.

Portable gas detector GasBadge Pro
  • Detection of Cl2, ClO2, CO, HCN, H2, H2S, NH3, NO2, O2, PH3, SO2.
  • Segmented LCD display for easy and direct reading
  • Internal data logging of alarm events and gas concentrations
  • CR2 3V lithium battery; 2,600 hours minimum runtime
  • Polycarbonate robust and waterproof housing
Additional information

The GASBADGE PRO toxic gas detector is a classic single-gas detector. Its long-duration battery operates for about 2,600 hours and can be replaced when used. As for any other classic single-gas detectors, it is highly recommended to calibrate the GASBADGE PRO twice a year to ensure proper operation.

The GASBADGE PRO toxic gas monitor is a classic single-gas detector with interchangeable sensors and features a large range of electrochemical sensors. This technology is designed to detect toxic gases: Cl2 (chlorine), ClO2 (chlorine dioxide), CO (carbon monoxide), HCN (hydrogen cyanide), H2 (hydrogen), H2S (hydrogen sulfide), NH3 (ammonia), NO2 (nitrogen dioxide), O2 (oxygen), PH3 (phosphine) and SO2 (sulfur dioxide).

The GASBADGE PRO has 3 alarms: a powerful 95 dB audible alarm to alert even in noisy environments, a red LED visual alarm for view alert signals even in the darkest places like confined spaces and a vibrating alarm.

These alarms will be triggered by 4 events: if the lower or the upper limit values are reached, if concentrations get over the occupational exposure limit or if the average value threshold is exceeded. Abnormal gas concentrations and other data can also be saved and downloaded from the device.

Compact and lightweight, the GASBADGE PRO toxic gas detector is made with a strong polycarbonate housing with a robust and waterproof over-mold in compliance with IP67 protection. The GASBADGE PRO is ATEX approved as well for explosive atmosphere under current EU standards.

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The X-am 5000 portable gas detector represents an ideal solution for individual protection and monitoring of combustible and toxic gases as well as oxygen. Small and lightweight, this multi gas detector can simultaneously detect the presence of 1 up to 5 gases.

  • 5 gas monitor Drager X-am 5000 for combustible, toxic gases and oxygen monitoring
  • Ergonomic, compact and lightweight
  • Customizable with interchangeable sensors
  • Powered with alkaline or T4 batteries
  • Water and dust resistant, insensitive to electromagnetic interferences
  • Optional external pump to draw remote samples
  • Additional information
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5 gas monitor X-am 5000

The X-am 5000 portable gas detector represents an ideal solution for individual protection and monitoring of combustible and toxic gases as well as oxygen. Small and lightweight, this multi gas detector can simultaneously detect the presence of 1 up to 5 gases.

5 gas monitor Drager X-am 5000 for combustible, toxic gases and oxygen monitoring
  • Ergonomic, compact and lightweight
  • Customizable with interchangeable sensors
  • Powered with alkaline or T4 batteries
  • Water and dust resistant, insensitive to electromagnetic interferences
  • Optional external pump to draw remote samples
Additional information

The X-am 5000 5 gas monitor is the world’s smallest handheld multi gas detector. This personal safety equipment has been especially designed to accurately and reliably detect the presence of combustible and toxic gases, amines and organic vapors but also to monitor the presence of oxygen in ambient air.

With its ultra-compact size and its low weight, the X-am 5000 monitor is easy to wear, attached to a pocket or directly on a collar in order to measure concentrations inhaled by its users. This device features two buttons to navigate the intuitive and user-friendly menus.

The interchangeable Ex catalytic sensors used in this detector can be easily replaced for use in a large number of applications. These sensors are engineered for measures from the lower explosive limit (LEL) up to 100% of the volume. Because they are interchangeable, these catalytic gas detection sensors can be easily replaced. The user can also add sensors to upgrade a detector in order to detect new gases. Moreover, these sensors feature excellent stability and enhanced resistance against poisons like hydrogen sulfide or silicon. Their lifetime can exceed 4 years.

In compliance with the IP67 standard, the X-am 5000 5 gas monitor is airtight to dust and water. Thanks to its rubber housing, this detector is also resistant to shocks, vibrations and impacts in order to be used in the most difficult environments.

Thanks to an optional external pump, the X-am 5000 can also be used to draw remote samples up to 30 meters away. This pump can be easily and quickly mounted and removed and requires no tool. This way, operators can easily switch from diffusion mode to pump mode in order to control the presence of hazardous concentrations of gases before any intervention in confined space – for applications in tanks for example).

Lastly, the X-am 5000 portable multi gas detector is available with two power supply opportunities: either with alkaline batteries or with a rechargeable T4 battery. Furthermore, its integrated data logger can store up to 1,000 hours of data per interval of one minute.

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Loop-powered (4-20 mA 2 wires) and equipped with an LCD display, the Serie 3000 fixed oxygen and toxic gas detector is particularly well-suited for potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX zones).

  • Fixed gas detector serie 3000 transmitter
  • Large range of pre-calibrated gas detection sensors
  • Loop-powered, 2 cables
  • LCD screen for setup and concentrations display
  • Aluminum version or stainless steel with epoxy paint version
  • Approved for hazardous areas, L/c-UL, ATEX, IECEx. Protection IP66 (EN 60529), NEMA 4X
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Fixed gas detector SERIE 3000 for oxygen and toxic gas

Loop-powered (4-20 mA 2 wires) and equipped with an LCD display, the Serie 3000 fixed oxygen and toxic gas detector is particularly well-suited for potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX zones).

Fixed gas detector serie 3000 transmitter
  • Large range of pre-calibrated gas detection sensors
  • Loop-powered, 2 cables
  • LCD screen for setup and concentrations display
  • Aluminum version or stainless steel with epoxy paint version
  • Approved for hazardous areas, L/c-UL, ATEX, IECEx. Protection IP66 (EN 60529), NEMA 4X
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NH3 respiratory protection (Ammonia)

As this gas is very irritating to the eyes, workers have to wear an ammonia respirator like a full-face mask for short term applications or a more comfortable powered air purifying respirator equipped with a K gas filter. If concentrations exceed 60 times the OEL, a self- contained breathing apparatus is required.

The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

  • X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator
  • Airtight and secured design
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • 180° large field of view
  • Efficient ventilation system
  • Compatible with the X-plore filters range
  • Additional information
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Full facepiece respirator X-plore 5500

The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator
  • Airtight and secured design
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • 180° large field of view
  • Efficient ventilation system
  • Compatible with the X-plore filters range
Additional information

Especially designed to provide an optimal protection in presence of gas or particles, the X-plore 5500 full facepiece respirator is widely used in many industrial applications (particularly in the chemical and steel industries) but also shipyard industry…

Equipped with a visor made of polycarbonate or triplex glass, the X-plore 5500 mask provides its wearer a large field of vision without distortion. The polycarbonate panoramic visor features a frame made of plastics and is highly resistant to shocks while the glass visor – with stainless steel frame – is treated against scratches and chemical products.

The mask itself features a specific dual seal with triple sealing edges to offer optimal tightness and protection. The body of the dual filter gas mask is made of ultra-resistant EPDM elastomer that fits any morphology and face shape. This way, the mask remains comfortable to wear. Moreover, thanks to its unique standard size, this full facepiece respirator is easy to transport and to store.

As it is a respiratory protective full face mask, steam can appear on the visor. In order to resolve this matter, the le X-plore 5500 is equipped with a special integrated ventilation system. This system has been engineered to protect the visor against any risk of condensation in order to ensure clear view in any situation.

Thanks to its comfortable 5-point flanged harness, the X-plore 550 can be worn and removed easily and quickly. Moreover, its connecting straps have been especially designed to avoid pressure on the head or the face of the user.

The X-plore 5500 dual filter gas mask features two connectors located on both sides to connect two air filtering cartridges. Furthermore, as the filters are positioned laterally and backwards, the field of vision of the user remains perfectly unobstructed. This breathing protection equipment is fully compatible with the X-plore series bayonet filters. These filters are especially designed to provide optimal protection against harmful gases, vapors and particles. Thanks to their bayonet connection system, they can be easily and quickly installed in order to operate as soon as possible.

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The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

  • The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger
  • Universal size
  • Large field of view
  • Hypoalergenic material
  • Integrated ventilation system
  • Compatible with X-plore Rd 40 filter series
  • Additional information
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Full face respirator X-plore 6300

The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger
  • Universal size
  • Large field of view
  • Hypoalergenic material
  • Integrated ventilation system
  • Compatible with X-plore Rd 40 filter series
Additional information

The X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask is a respiratory protective device that has been especially designed for use in industrial environments.

Made of ultra-resistant and hypoalergenic EPDM elastomer, this full face respirator features a dual airtight seal for maximal reliability, comfort and safety. Cost-effective, this mask fits perfectly in any morphology and any face shape witout annoying its wearer.

The large facepiece visor is made of PMMA plexiglass (polymethyl methacrylate) and features a plastic frame to offer a large 180° field of view without distorsion and an outstanding panoramic view. This visor is also especially treated to be scratch resistant. Moreover, the X-plore 6300 mask is equipped with an integrated ventilation system in order to avoid presence of steam and condensation inside the full facepiece.

Thanks to its universal size and its 5-point specific harness, this respirator is very easy to don and to remove. The special design of its donning straps avoids any pressure on the head or the face of the user. This way, the X-plore 6300 can be worn during long periods of time without annoying the user. taille. Furthermore, thanks to this standard size and its low weight – approximately 500 grams – the X-plore 6300 single cartridge respirator is easier to carry and to store.

Lastly, this respiratory protective full face respirator is fully compatible with X-plore Rd 40 series filters. These filters feature universal 40 mm connector threads in compliance with the EN 148-1 European standard. These filters are especially designed to purify air from any contaminant that could be harmful for the user. This filter range provides reliable and efficient protection in any situation against toxic substances – gas or particles. Thus, the X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask can be equipped with a particle filter, a gas filter or a combined filter to respond to any demanding application.

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The Duraflow powered air respirator is a versatile solution for hazardous workspaces. It provides a quality respiratory protection for a fair price.

  • The powered air purifying respirator Duraflow PAPR
  • Compatibility with RD DIN 40 universal filter cartridges
  • Rechargeable battery – 2 available version: 8 or 16 hours runtime
  • Automatic airflow regulation (160l/min)
  • Visual alarms, notifications and display
  • CEN1294 & CE0086 certified, IP55/IP67
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Powered air purifying respirator Duraflow

The Duraflow powered air respirator is a versatile solution for hazardous workspaces. It provides a quality respiratory protection for a fair price.

The powered air purifying respirator Duraflow PAPR
  • Compatibility with RD DIN 40 universal filter cartridges
  • Rechargeable battery – 2 available version: 8 or 16 hours runtime
  • Automatic airflow regulation (160l/min)
  • Visual alarms, notifications and display
  • CEN1294 & CE0086 certified, IP55/IP67
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The X-plore 8000 is a powered air purifying respirator especially designed to provide a reliable and convenient respiratory protection solution. Fully modular, this system can operate for at least 4 hours with only one charge for safe applications.

  • The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system by Dräger enhanced positive pressure respirator
  • Rugged design for daily use
  • Modular and versatile
  • Comfortable and secured with rubber protectors
  • Easy to disassemble for easy servicing
  • Compatible with a large range of accessories
  • Additional information
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PAPR respirator system X-plore 8000

The X-plore 8000 is a powered air purifying respirator especially designed to provide a reliable and convenient respiratory protection solution. Fully modular, this system can operate for at least 4 hours with only one charge for safe applications.

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system by Dräger enhanced positive pressure respirator
  • Rugged design for daily use
  • Modular and versatile
  • Comfortable and secured with rubber protectors
  • Easy to disassemble for easy servicing
  • Compatible with a large range of accessories
Additional information

The X-plore 800 PAPR respirator system has been especially designed to enable its user to operate safely in toxic environments. Thanks to its robust designIP65 certified against dust and water jets – this positive pressure air purifying respiratory protective device is particularly well-suited for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX).

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system is composed by a rugged casing that can includes a whole range of specific PAPR filters in order to meet requirements of almost any industrial application. A breathing hose available in three different versions and a face piece (PAPR mask or hood) complete this system. The device can be worn with a special belt and can be equipped with a standard battery, which provides at least 4 hours run time, or a high capacity battery for an extended run time of at least 8 hours. The belt ensures optimal comfort of use and perfect weight balance. This positive pressure respirator has been especially engineered to fit perfectly the user without disturbance.

Available in standard version as well as ATEX certified fireproof version, the X-plore 8000 respirator features protected air inlets which ensure that no dust, water or even sparks come into contact with filters.

Thanks to its enhanced technology, the PAPR respirator system automatically detects the connected face piece in order to adjust the injected airflow. Integrated temperature and pressure sensors in the housing also enable the automatic adjustment of the airflow. A wide range of face pieces – PAPR hoods & masks - is available to meet even the most demanding requirements from any application. This way, the housing of the X-plore 8000 can be connected to half-hoods, full hoods, protective visors, helmets, half-masks, panoramic masks or even helmets specifically dedicated to welding activities.

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator also features a smart alarm system which purpose is to alert user in case of problems. This way, if the air flow is not sufficient or in case of low battery status, visual (operational display), acoustic (80 dBA at 1 meter) and vibrating alarms activate to alert user of the failure. Moreover, an integrated optical sensor avoids any use without a filter for an optimal safety of use.

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