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Perchloroethylene – C2CL4

This page presents information on tetrachloroethylene or perchloroethylene (C2Cl4 gas): characteristics, effects on health, detection tools – perchloroethylene detector – and proper respiratory protective equipment – gas mask or PAPR with type A gas filter.

Perchloroethylene Detector and C2CL4 respiratory protection

PERCHLOROETHYLENE PROPERTIES

Tetrachloroethylene (C2Cl4) – best known as perchloroethylene – is the most commonly used solvent for dry cleaning. It is also used as a degreasing agent in textile treatment, printing and in the car and steel industries. It is used as well in consumer goods like paint solvents or to remove spots.

CAS

TWA (8 hours)

STEL (15 minutes)

LEL

IP

Density / Air

Filter / SCBA

127-18-4

20 ppm

40 ppm

9.32 eV

5.8

A

PERCHLOROETHYLENE HEALTH EFFECTS

Perchloroethylene (C2Cl4) is a colorless liquid with an ether smell. It is very volatile and almost non-flammable. The IARC classified it as category 2A potential carcinogenic agent (R40). It can also cause irritation to the eyes, dizziness, nausea, headaches, memory loss and drowsiness that can lead to unconsciousness and death.

*IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on WHO World Health Organization)

PERCHLOROETHYLENE DETECTOR - C2CL4 GAS

Even if C2Cl4 gas is detectable through its ether smell, only a perchloroethylene detector can accurately measure concentrations of this toxic gas. For this reason the use of a fixed or portable perchloroethylene detection system performing measurements in ppm is required.

TWA measuring system (time-weighted average) – also known as dosimeter tube or passive tubes gas detection – measures the time-weighted average concentrations of a gas in ambient air.

  • Gas detector tubes Dosimetric tubes

Dosimeter tubes

TWA measuring system (time-weighted average) – also known as dosimeter tube or passive tubes gas detection – measures the time-weighted average concentrations of a gas in ambient air.

Gas detector tubes Dosimetric tubes
  • The dosimeter tube is inserted in its holder and wore close to the breathing zone (e.g. a shirt collar) to get an accurate measure of inhaled concentrations. This allows the monitoring of hazardous exposure during a working day.
  • Thanks to this system, wokers can easily get daily exposure concentrations and evaluate working areas. These simple and direct measures require no specific analyzis instruments or complex operation procedures.

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The colorimetric gas detection tube system is a simple and accurate solution composed by a manual sampling pump and a specific gas detection tube. They are designed for use together.

  • Gas detector tubes Colorimetric tube

Colorimetric tubes

The colorimetric gas detection tube system is a simple and accurate solution composed by a manual sampling pump and a specific gas detection tube. They are designed for use together.

Gas detector tubes Colorimetric tube
  • Accurate: the sampling pump features a mechanical accuracy piston which creates a vacuum then enables direct reading on the colored tube (colorimetric tube)
  • Swift: one or two pump strokes are enough to draw sample and the value can be directly read on the tube
  • User-friendly: no knowledge, no specific process and no technical competence are required

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The GSP-300 gas sampling pump is a very accurate aspirated pump designed for TWA and STEL measurements with colorimetric gas detection tubes

  • sampling pump GSP300

Sampling pump – GSP-300

The GSP-300 gas sampling pump is a very accurate aspirated pump designed for TWA and STEL measurements with colorimetric gas detection tubes

sampling pump GSP300
  • Large LCD screen for pump display and setup
  • Adjustable 50/520 mL/min flow according to inserted tube
  • Flow automatic correction
  • 10 hours runtime with two AA batteries
  • Dimensions: 80 x 40 x 10 – weight: 300 grams

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Dräger colorimetric reagent tubes for instant gas concentrations measurement in ambient air with maximum reliability.

  • Dräger reagent tubes for gas measurement

Dräger reagent tubes

Dräger colorimetric reagent tubes for instant gas concentrations measurement in ambient air with maximum reliability.

Dräger reagent tubes for gas measurement
  • Measures over 500 gases and vapors (200 tube references)
  • Simple process for precise measurement
  • 0 to 15 minutes test time
  • Operating with manual or automatic pump
  • Excellent value
Additional information

Dräger reagent tubes are the benchmark in the spot gas measurement field. The range covers over 200 references for the measurement of more than 500 gases and vapors.

Dräger tubes are easy to use, require no special know-how and require no maintenance. They give an accurate measurement directly on the marked tube. These reagent tubes must be used with the Accuro manual pump or the Dräger X-act 5000 automatic sampling pump.

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The X-am 8000 PID is a portable VOC detector (volatile organic compounds) equipped with a 10.6 eV photo-ionization lamp (PID sensor) available in 2 measurement scales for better measurement accuracy. On the same basis as the X-am 8000 multi gas detector, it is possible to add 4 additional sensors.

  • Drager Xam 8000 PID VOC detector for volatile organic compound

X-am 8000 PID portable VOC detector

The X-am 8000 PID is a portable VOC detector (volatile organic compounds) equipped with a 10.6 eV photo-ionization lamp (PID sensor) available in 2 measurement scales for better measurement accuracy. On the same basis as the X-am 8000 multi gas detector, it is possible to add 4 additional sensors.

Drager Xam 8000 PID VOC detector for volatile organic compound
  • 2 PID sensors available for better accuracy: HC (0-2000 ppm) or LC (0-10 ppm)
  • Complete multi gas detector with the possibility of adding: 4 additional sensors
  • 30m sample pump
  • Vibrating, visual and audible alarms (100 dB)
  • Certifications: ATEX and IECEx, IEC, 2004/108 / CE
Additional information

Benefiting from Dräger expertise, the X-am 8000 PID is a portable VOC detector for measuring VOCs in high concentrations (0-2000 ppm isobutylene) or in low concentrations (0-10ppm isobutylene) depending on the chosen photo-ionization sensor.

The device has a complete warning system (vibrations, audible and visual LED alarms), is ATEX certified (I M1, II 1G - Ex da ia I Ma, Ex da ia IIC T4 Ga) and is rechargeable by induction . A dedicated sampling pump can be added to the device for sampling up to 30 meters away.

The X-am 8000 PID stands out in applications requiring the monitoring of VOC presence in ambient air: work involving synthetic agents, solvents, preservatives for example or in air quality analysis, manufacturing industry and petrochemicals.

The X-am 8000 PID is a true multi gas detector: in addition to the volatile organic compounds detection, it can detect up to 4 additional gases (Cl2, ClO2, CO, CO2, H2, H2S, HCN, NH3, NO, NO2, O2, O3, PH3, SO2).

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MX6 6 gas detector (EXPLO, toxic and/or VOC): very large range of detected gases (IR absorption or electrochemical sensor), volatile organic compounds (VOC) with photoionization (PID) from 0 to 2,000 ppm.

Multi gas detector – MX6 ATEX – UP TO 6 GASES

MX6 6 gas detector (EXPLO, toxic and/or VOC): very large range of detected gases (IR absorption or electrochemical sensor), volatile organic compounds (VOC) with photoionization (PID) from 0 to 2,000 ppm.

Portable gas detector MX6
  • Detection of the combustible gases, CL2, CLO2, CO, CO2, H2, HCN, HCl, H2S, NO, NO2, NH3, O2, PH3, SO2, VOC (volatile organic compounds)
  • Colored graphic LCD display for better view on gases concentrations. Simultaneous and continuous display of all gases.
  • Available with optional sampling pump
  • User-friendly multilingual menu for easy operation
Additional information

The MX6-iBrid gas detector is an high-tech portable multi gas detector. Thanks to its rechargeable ion-lithium (Li-ion) battery, it can operates around 24 hours continuously. The optional extended battery can replace the standard one and extend the autonomy up to 36 hours. A lighter version with AA battery is also available for 10 hours of operation.

The MX6-iBrid portable multi gas detector can detect up to 6 gases simultaneously according to the configuration (some locations are dedicated to specific sensors). A large range of gases is furthermore available: combustible gases, chlorine (Cl2), chlorine dioxide (ClO2), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen (H2), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen chloride (HCl), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ammonia (NH3), oxygen (O2), phosphine (PH3), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and many volatile organic compounds (VOC).

The MX6-iBrid combines the highest sensor technologies for accurate measures. Oxygen and toxic gases are detected with an electrochemical sensor. Combustible and explosive gases are on the other hand detected with a catalytic sensor or through infrared absorption. This IR technology is also used to detect carbon dioxide. Lastly, volatile organic compounds are detected with a photoionization sensor (<10,6 eV).

This portable multi gas detector is considered as a high-technology device as it is the first portable gas detector featuring a colored display. This allows users to easily read events curbs of every gas without misunderstanding. The MX6-iBrid is compliant with the most demanding ATEX standards and with the IP67 ingress protection level thanks to its shock-resistant polycarbonate overmolded housing.

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Used in a complete gas detection system or as a stand alone monitor, the VOC detector XDI-PID is dedicated to  volatile organic compounds monitoring. This fixed detector with a photoionization lamp is an ATEX certified transmitter, with a 4-20 mA linear output, a digital display and alarm relays.

  • VOC monitor, volatile organic compounds fixed detector with PID lamp

Fixed VOC detector XDI PID

Used in a complete gas detection system or as a stand alone monitor, the VOC detector XDI-PID is dedicated to  volatile organic compounds monitoring. This fixed detector with a photoionization lamp is an ATEX certified transmitter, with a 4-20 mA linear output, a digital display and alarm relays.

VOC monitor, volatile organic compounds fixed detector with PID lamp
  • ATEX VOC detector
  • 4-20 mA output + 3 configurable alarm relays (alarms and/or fault)
  • Humidity-resistant (no compensation needed)
  • Solid and resistant device for the most demanding environments
  • Large optional backlit LCD display
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Based on gas chromatography (GC) and photo-ionization detection (PID) technologies, the Dräger X-PID 9500 is the first ever selective VOC (volatile organic compounds) gas detector providing analytical results worthy of laboratory tests.

  • Drager X-PID 9500 for discriminant VOC monitoring

X-PID 9500 Chromatography & PID VOC detector for selective analysis

Based on gas chromatography (GC) and photo-ionization detection (PID) technologies, the Dräger X-PID 9500 is the first ever selective VOC (volatile organic compounds) gas detector providing analytical results worthy of laboratory tests.

Drager X-PID 9500 for discriminant VOC monitoring
  • Measurement unit with sampling pump (up to 10 meters)
  • High gas selectivity for precise VOC analysis
  • Reliable performance even in difficult conditions
  • Simple and fast use
  • ATEX, IECEX, RoHS, CE compliant
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C2Cl4 RESPIRATORY PROTECTION - PERCHLOROETHYLENE GAS

In order to get proper respiratory protection against perchloroethylene, it is recommended to wear an half-mask or a full-face mask for short applications. During longer operations it is preferable to use a complete powered air purifying respirator. Both devices should be equipped with an type A filtering cartridge.

Half-mask respirator X-plore 3300 with innovative mounting system for optimal operating comfort. This Gas mask is fully compatible with the X-plore bayonet filter cartridge range.

  • half mask respirator , dual cartridge gas mask Dräger X-plore 3300

Half-mask respirator X-plore 3300

Half-mask respirator X-plore 3300 with innovative mounting system for optimal operating comfort. This Gas mask is fully compatible with the X-plore bayonet filter cartridge range.

half mask respirator , dual cartridge gas mask Dräger X-plore 3300
  • Flexible nose area for optimal sealing
  • Reduced and cost-effective maintenance
  • Large field of view
  • Innovative X mounting system
  • Large range of compatible filters
Additional information

Available in three different sizes – S (small), M (medium) and L (large) – the X-plore 3300 half mask respirator has been designed to provide maximum comfort to its user.

Made of soft material, this dual cartridge respirator features a specific design especially well-suited for use in addition to head protective units and safety goggles. Thanks to a soft and flexible nose area and the lateral location of air purifying filters, the X-plore 3300 gas mask provides its user with large field of view and optimal adjustment. Because of a specific X design of the harness, this dual cartridge respirator is very easy to don and to remove and fits perfectly with the user’s face. Moreover, this harness allows better weight balance and enhances comfort of use without pressure.

Particularly cost-effective, the X-plore 3300 half mask also features reduced maintenance. The right choice for operators who need comfortable respiratory protective equipment at lower prices.

Finally, the X-plore 3300 respiratory protective half mask respirator is made for use with the X-plore series bayonet filters. This filtering cartridge range combines air purifying power to modern design for an optimal comfort of use. Thanks to their rugged plastic design, these filters are highly resistant.

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The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

  • X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator

Full facepiece respirator X-plore 5500

The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator
  • Airtight and secured design
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • 180° large field of view
  • Efficient ventilation system
  • Compatible with the X-plore filters range
Additional information

Especially designed to provide an optimal protection in presence of gas or particles, the X-plore 5500 full facepiece respirator is widely used in many industrial applications (particularly in the chemical and steel industries) but also shipyard industry…

Equipped with a visor made of polycarbonate or triplex glass, the X-plore 5500 mask provides its wearer a large field of vision without distortion. The polycarbonate panoramic visor features a frame made of plastics and is highly resistant to shocks while the glass visor – with stainless steel frame – is treated against scratches and chemical products.

The mask itself features a specific dual seal with triple sealing edges to offer optimal tightness and protection. The body of the dual filter gas mask is made of ultra-resistant EPDM elastomer that fits any morphology and face shape. This way, the mask remains comfortable to wear. Moreover, thanks to its unique standard size, this full facepiece respirator is easy to transport and to store.

As it is a respiratory protective full face mask, steam can appear on the visor. In order to resolve this matter, the le X-plore 5500 is equipped with a special integrated ventilation system. This system has been engineered to protect the visor against any risk of condensation in order to ensure clear view in any situation.

Thanks to its comfortable 5-point flanged harness, the X-plore 550 can be worn and removed easily and quickly. Moreover, its connecting straps have been especially designed to avoid pressure on the head or the face of the user.

The X-plore 5500 dual filter gas mask features two connectors located on both sides to connect two air filtering cartridges. Furthermore, as the filters are positioned laterally and backwards, the field of vision of the user remains perfectly unobstructed. This breathing protection equipment is fully compatible with the X-plore series bayonet filters. These filters are especially designed to provide optimal protection against harmful gases, vapors and particles. Thanks to their bayonet connection system, they can be easily and quickly installed in order to operate as soon as possible.

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The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

  • The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger

Full face respirator X-plore 6300

The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger
  • Universal size
  • Large field of view
  • Hypoalergenic material
  • Integrated ventilation system
  • Compatible with X-plore Rd 40 filter series
Additional information

The X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask is a respiratory protective device that has been especially designed for use in industrial environments.

Made of ultra-resistant and hypoalergenic EPDM elastomer, this full face respirator features a dual airtight seal for maximal reliability, comfort and safety. Cost-effective, this mask fits perfectly in any morphology and any face shape witout annoying its wearer.

The large facepiece visor is made of PMMA plexiglass (polymethyl methacrylate) and features a plastic frame to offer a large 180° field of view without distorsion and an outstanding panoramic view. This visor is also especially treated to be scratch resistant. Moreover, the X-plore 6300 mask is equipped with an integrated ventilation system in order to avoid presence of steam and condensation inside the full facepiece.

Thanks to its universal size and its 5-point specific harness, this respirator is very easy to don and to remove. The special design of its donning straps avoids any pressure on the head or the face of the user. This way, the X-plore 6300 can be worn during long periods of time without annoying the user. taille. Furthermore, thanks to this standard size and its low weight – approximately 500 grams – the X-plore 6300 single cartridge respirator is easier to carry and to store.

Lastly, this respiratory protective full face respirator is fully compatible with X-plore Rd 40 series filters. These filters feature universal 40 mm connector threads in compliance with the EN 148-1 European standard. These filters are especially designed to purify air from any contaminant that could be harmful for the user. This filter range provides reliable and efficient protection in any situation against toxic substances – gas or particles. Thus, the X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask can be equipped with a particle filter, a gas filter or a combined filter to respond to any demanding application.

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The X-plore 8000 is a powered air purifying respirator especially designed to provide a reliable and convenient respiratory protection solution. Fully modular, this system can operate for at least 4 hours with only one charge for safe applications.

  • The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system by Dräger enhanced positive pressure respirator

PAPR respirator system X-plore 8000

The X-plore 8000 is a powered air purifying respirator especially designed to provide a reliable and convenient respiratory protection solution. Fully modular, this system can operate for at least 4 hours with only one charge for safe applications.

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system by Dräger enhanced positive pressure respirator
  • Rugged design for daily use
  • Modular and versatile
  • Comfortable and secured with rubber protectors
  • Easy to disassemble for easy servicing
  • Compatible with a large range of accessories
Additional information

The X-plore 800 PAPR respirator system has been especially designed to enable its user to operate safely in toxic environments. Thanks to its robust designIP65 certified against dust and water jets – this positive pressure air purifying respiratory protective device is particularly well-suited for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX).

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system is composed by a rugged casing that can includes a whole range of specific PAPR filters in order to meet requirements of almost any industrial application. A breathing hose available in three different versions and a face piece (PAPR mask or hood) complete this system. The device can be worn with a special belt and can be equipped with a standard battery, which provides at least 4 hours run time, or a high capacity battery for an extended run time of at least 8 hours. The belt ensures optimal comfort of use and perfect weight balance. This positive pressure respirator has been especially engineered to fit perfectly the user without disturbance.

Available in standard version as well as ATEX certified fireproof version, the X-plore 8000 respirator features protected air inlets which ensure that no dust, water or even sparks come into contact with filters.

Thanks to its enhanced technology, the PAPR respirator system automatically detects the connected face piece in order to adjust the injected airflow. Integrated temperature and pressure sensors in the housing also enable the automatic adjustment of the airflow. A wide range of face pieces – PAPR hoods & masks - is available to meet even the most demanding requirements from any application. This way, the housing of the X-plore 8000 can be connected to half-hoods, full hoods, protective visors, helmets, half-masks, panoramic masks or even helmets specifically dedicated to welding activities.

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator also features a smart alarm system which purpose is to alert user in case of problems. This way, if the air flow is not sufficient or in case of low battery status, visual (operational display), acoustic (80 dBA at 1 meter) and vibrating alarms activate to alert user of the failure. Moreover, an integrated optical sensor avoids any use without a filter for an optimal safety of use.

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