Pentane - C5H12
Find here the essential information on pentane (C5H12): characteristics, effects on health, detection tools - pentane gas detector - and proper respiratory protective equipment (gas mask or powered air purifying respirator with AX gas filter).
Pentane properties (C5H12)
Pentane (C5H12) is relatively inexpensive. This gas is one of the most volatile liquid alkane at ambient temperature. Thus it is oftentimes used in laboratories as a solvent that can evaporate quickly and easily. It is a blowing agent as well used to produce polystyrene foam and other foams. Pentane can also be added to some refrigerant systems (-80°C lockers e.g.) as a refrigerant fluid additive.
|CAS||VME (8 hours)||STEL (15 minutes)||LEL||IP||Density / Air||Filter / SCBA|
|109-66-0||1 000 ppm||-||1.5 %||10.34 eV||2.49||AX|
Pentane effects on health
Under its liquid state, pentane (C5H12) is a colorless liquid, with low viscosity and a specific smell. Its effects on health depends on inhaled concentrations. The first effect is euphoria (like with alcohol), then headache at higher concentrations, tinnitus and nausea. At very high concentration levels, incoordination, confusion signs or even convulsive coma may occur.
PENTANE GAS DETECTOR - C5H12
Even if pentane can be detected through its smell, only a C5H12 gas detector can accurately measure concentrations of this gas in the air. As it can explode, it is advised to use pentane detection devices monitoring expositivity levels (percentage of the lower explosive limit).
For calibration and gas testing of your fixed or portable gas detectors, pentane calibration gas cylinders are available.
C5H12 RESPIRATORY PROTECTION (PENTANE)
Because pentane can affect the eyes, it is recommended to wear a full face mask for short interventions or a much more comfortable PAPR for longer exposure periods. Both devices should be equipped with an AX filter up to 30 times the OEL.