Pentane - C5H12

Find here the essential information on pentane (C5H12):  characteristics, effects on health, detection tools - pentane gas detector - and proper respiratory protective equipment (gas mask or powered air purifying respirator with AX gas filter).

Pentane properties (C5H12)

Pentane (C5H12) is relatively inexpensive. This gas is one of the most volatile liquid alkane at ambient temperature. Thus it is oftentimes used in laboratories as a solvent that can evaporate quickly and easily. It is a blowing agent as well used to produce polystyrene foam and other foams. Pentane can also be added to some refrigerant systems (-80°C lockers e.g.) as a refrigerant fluid additive.

CAS VME (8 hours) STEL (15 minutes) LEL IP Density / Air Filter / SCBA
109-66-0 1 000 ppm - 1.5 % 10.34 eV 2.49 AX

Pentane effects on health

Under its liquid state, pentane (C5H12) is a colorless liquid, with low viscosity and a specific smell. Its effects on health depends on inhaled concentrations. The first effect is euphoria (like with alcohol), then headache at higher concentrations, tinnitus and nausea. At very high concentration levels, incoordination, confusion signs or even convulsive coma may occur.