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Germane – GeH4

Find here the essential information on germane (GeH4) – or germanium tetrahydride: characteristics, effects on health, detection devices & systems – germane gas detector – gas mask or powered air respirator with B-P3 combined filter).

germane gas detector and GeH4 respiratory protection

Germane properties

Germanium tetrahydride (GeH4) – most commonly known as germane – is the most used form of germanium in industries. Many industrial processes have been created to produce this gas. It is mainly used to produce high-performance integrated circuits in the semiconductor industry, photovoltaic sensor technologies and space applications.

CASTWA (8 hours)STEL (15 minutes)LELIPDensity / AirFilter / SCBA
7782-65-20.2 ppm11.34 eV2.65B-P3

Germane effects on health

At normal temperature and pressure, germane (GeH4) is colorless, heavier than air and features a pungent smell. This extremely flammable gas (H220) may explode if heated (H280). It is very toxic and fatal if inhaled (H330) and irritant to the eyes, skin and breathing tracts as well. It even can affect blood and damage blood cells.

Geermane gas detector - GeH4 or Germanium tetrahydride

Despite its pungent smell, only a germane gas detector can accurately measure concentrations of this gas. Even if it is a combustible gas and can explode, an explosivity (LEL) monitoring would be pointless as this gas is highly toxic. Thus for optimal safety it is recommended to use ppm or ppb germane gas detection devices or full systems.

4-20 mA output B12 ATI gas transmitter with or without display for gas detection: Alcool, AsH3, B2H6, Br2, C2H2, C2H4O, CH2O, Cl2, ClO2, CO, COCl2, F2, GeH4, H2, H2O2, H2S, H2Se, HCl, HCN, HF, I2, NH3, NO, NO2, Nox, O2, O3, PH3, SiH4, SO2 & organic vapors.

  • ATI B12 gas transmitter

ATI B12 gas transmitter

4-20 mA output B12 ATI gas transmitter with or without display for gas detection: Alcool, AsH3, B2H6, Br2, C2H2, C2H4O, CH2O, Cl2, ClO2, CO, COCl2, F2, GeH4, H2, H2O2, H2S, H2Se, HCl, HCN, HF, I2, NH3, NO, NO2, Nox, O2, O3, PH3, SiH4, SO2 & organic vapors.

ATI B12 gas transmitter
  • Fixed gas transmitter with 4-20 mA linear output
  • NEMA 4X polystyrene enclosure
  • Fast response time
  • Low power consumption, 12-28 VDC
  • Available with or without display
Additional information

B12 gas detectors are fixed 2-wire transmitters that are particularly effective in difficult industrial environments. They are resistant to humidity (up to 100% RH), operate from 0 to + 50 ° C, and have a 4-20 mA linear signal output proportional to the detected gas concentration.

B12 detectors are used to monitor a wide range of rare and exotic gases, on different measurement scales preconfigured per sensor. The gas detection sensors of the B12 transmitters are resistant to poisons and corrosion.

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The PortaSens III is an ATI gas detector for leaks that can detect 38 different gas over different measurement ranges with its 62 smart sensors. In particular, it can detect rare gas such as bromine, fluorine, iodine, peracetic acid, dimethylamine, or even hydrogen bromide.

  • Leak gas detector PortaSens III ATI Analytical Technology

Rare gases leak detector – PORTASENS III

The PortaSens III is an ATI gas detector for leaks that can detect 38 different gas over different measurement ranges with its 62 smart sensors. In particular, it can detect rare gas such as bromine, fluorine, iodine, peracetic acid, dimethylamine, or even hydrogen bromide.

Leak gas detector PortaSens III ATI Analytical Technology
  • Detection of Alcohol, AsH3, B2H6, Br2, C2H2, CH3COOH, CH4, Cl2, ClO2, CO, CO2, COCl2, DMA, ETO, F2, Acid gas, GeH4, H2, H2O2, H2S, H2Se, HBr, HC, HCl , HCN, HCOH, HF, I2, NH3, NO, NO2, Nox, O2, O3, PAA, PH3, SiH4, SO2
  • 62 smart sensors pre-calibrated for 38 gases
  • Very fast sensor change (less than 1 minute)
  • Color touch screen for better operation of the device
  • Rare gas detection
Additional information

Successor to the PortaSens II, the PortaSens III ATI gas leak detector has evolved and has a more modern user interface. Touch screen, USB port, new PC software, everything has been designed for a smoother user experience.

The ATI Portasens III detector has a range of 62 ATI smart sensors that can be changed with just a few movements as needed. The sensors are pre-calibrated and have a memory including characteristics relating to the detected gas.

Indispensable in the search for leaks, the PortaSens III is one of the gas leak detectors with the largest range of delectable gases on the market. The detected gas are acetylene (C2H2), acetic acid (AcOH), cyanidric acid (HCN), peracetic acid (PAA), alcohol, ammonia (NH3), arsine ( AsH3), bromine (Br2), hydrogen bromide (HBr), chlorine (Cl2), hydrogen chloride (HCl), diborane (B2H6), dimethylamine (DMA), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), chlorine dioxide (ClO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), fluorine (F2), hydrogen fluoride (HF), formaldehyde (CH2O), sour gas, hydrogen (H2), selenized hydrogen (H2Ge), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), hydrocarbons, iodine (I2), methane (CH4), nitric oxide (NO) , carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), ethylene oxide (ETO), oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) , phosgene (COCl2), phosphine (PH3), germanium tetrahydride (GeH4) and silane (SiH4).

The PortaSens III detector can find applications in the pharmaceutical industry and laboratories, the chemical industry, and any other sector that involves the transport or storage of gas in cylinders or the control of gas pipelines.

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4-20 mA gas detector / transmitter with integrated sampling pump, pre-calibrated cartridge, alarm relays and TCP/IP communication.

Detection of AsH3, B2H6, BCl3, BF3, Br2, C2H4O, Cl2, ClF3, ClO2, CO, COCl2, F2, GeH4, H2, H2S, H2Se, HBr, HCl, HCN, HF, HMDS, N2H4, NH3, NO, NO2, O2, O3, PH3, POCl3, Si2H6, SiCl4, SiHCl3, SO2, TEOS, TMB, TMP, WF6

  • Fixed gas detector Midas

Midas gas detector with sampling pump

4-20 mA gas detector / transmitter with integrated sampling pump, pre-calibrated cartridge, alarm relays and TCP/IP communication.

Detection of AsH3, B2H6, BCl3, BF3, Br2, C2H4O, Cl2, ClF3, ClO2, CO, COCl2, F2, GeH4, H2, H2S, H2Se, HBr, HCl, HCN, HF, HMDS, N2H4, NH3, NO, NO2, O2, O3, PH3, POCl3, Si2H6, SiCl4, SiHCl3, SO2, TEOS, TMB, TMP, WF6

Fixed gas detector Midas
  • Detection with pyrolysis module of C4F6, C5H8, CH3F, DCE 1.2, NF3, SF6
  • Integrated aspirated pump: 500 mL/min flow
  • 3 configurable NO or NF alarm relays
  • High accuracy measurement from ppb to ppm
  • Ethernet (PoE) TCP/IP and Modbus communication
Additional information

Operating with a reliable gas detection technology, the Midas fixed gas detector has been especially designed to monitor the presence of flammable and toxic gases in ambient air. This way, this detector can monitor following gases: arsine (AsH3), diborane (B2H6), boron trichloride (BCl3), boron trifluoride (BF3), bromine (Br2), ethylene oxide (C2H4O), chlorine (Cl2), chlorine trifluoride (ClF3), chlorine dioxide (ClO2), carbon monoxide (CO), chlorine dioxide (COCl2), fluorine (F2), germane (GeH4), hydrogen (H2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), hydrogen selenide (H2Se), hydrogen bromide (HBr), hydrogen chloride (HCl), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen fluoride (HF), hexamethyldisilazan (HMDS), hydrazine (N2H4), ammonia (NH3), nitric oxyde (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), phosphine (PH3), phosphoryl chloride (POCl3), disilane (Si2H6), silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4), trichlorosilane (SiHCl3), sulfur dioxide (SO2), tetra ethyl ortho silicate (TEOS), trimethylborane (TMB), TMP, tungsten hexafluoride (WF6).

 

Moreover, with its optional pyrolyzer module, Midas is able to detect following gases: hexafluorobutadiene (C4F6), octofluorocyclopentene (C5H8), methyl fluoride (CH3F), DCE 1.2, nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).

 

Compact and featuring a zinc-plated steel base, the Midas is easy to install. Small, compact and lightweight, this detector suits perfectly in applications like light industries, laboratories, semiconductor transformation or even the wastewater treatment. Its pump system has a 2 year lifetime and can draw samples up to 30 meters.

 

Its alphanumeric backlit LCD with intuitive icon menu can display the concentrations and its datalogger enables operators to download vents and sensor history.

 

Its smart sensor with on board calibration certificate are ready for use and can be easily and quickly replaced.

 

Midas fixed gas detector features several outputs: visual, 3 built in relays for alarm 1, 2 and fault, analog and digital communication and is powered through Ethernet connection (PoE). It can be wired with 4-20 mA 2 to 4 wires or digitally with CAT5 cabling or equivalent with RJ45 connector.

 

Lastly, Midas is CE marked for a total immunity to electromagnetic interferences.

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The Satellite XT is a fixed gas detector with interchangeable sensors. It is especially designed to continuously monitor hazardous concentrations of gases.

Detected gases: AsH3, BBr3, B2H6, BCl3, BF3, Br2, C2H4O, Cl2, ClF3, ClO2, CO, COCl2, F2, GeH4, H2, H2S, H2Se, HBr, HCl, HCN, HF, HMDS, MCF, MMH, N2H4, NH3, NO, NO2, O2, O3, PH3, POCl3, SiCl4, SiHCl3, SO2,TBA, TBP, TDMAT, TEOS, TMB, TMP, UDMH, WF6.

  • Fixed gas detector Satellite XT

Toxic corrosive & combustible gas detector – satellite xt

The Satellite XT is a fixed gas detector with interchangeable sensors. It is especially designed to continuously monitor hazardous concentrations of gases.

Detected gases: AsH3, BBr3, B2H6, BCl3, BF3, Br2, C2H4O, Cl2, ClF3, ClO2, CO, COCl2, F2, GeH4, H2, H2S, H2Se, HBr, HCl, HCN, HF, HMDS, MCF, MMH, N2H4, NH3, NO, NO2, O2, O3, PH3, POCl3, SiCl4, SiHCl3, SO2,TBA, TBP, TDMAT, TEOS, TMB, TMP, UDMH, WF6.

Fixed gas detector Satellite XT
  • Pyrolysis module detection: C4F6, C5F8, CH3F, DCE 1.2, NF3, SF6
  • Pre-calibrated interchangeable sensors, easy maintenance
  • 4-20mA linear output
  • 3 optional single-pole relays
  • Optional remote measure (up to 3 meters)
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The SPM Flex is an optical calibration-free gas optical analysis system. This single point tape-based toxic gas detector can accurately (ppb measurement) and swiftly monitor the presence of a hazardous gas.

  • Honeywell SPM Flex gas monitor with optical toxic gas analysis

Toxic gas optical analysis – SPM FLEX gas detector

The SPM Flex is an optical calibration-free gas optical analysis system. This single point tape-based toxic gas detector can accurately (ppb measurement) and swiftly monitor the presence of a hazardous gas.

Honeywell SPM Flex gas monitor with optical toxic gas analysis
  • Chemcassette® technology – immune to interferences, more than 50 available gases.
  • Calibration-free, minimal maintenance .
  • Audiovisual alarm (2 thresholds).
  • User-friendly interface and gas concentration digital display.
  • UL 61010-1 / CSA-C22.2 / IEC 61010-1 certified
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GeH4 respiratory protection - Germane

As germane is highly irritant to the eyes, it is recommended to use a full face mask for short interventions or a much more comfortable powered air respirator equipped with B-P3 combined filter. In case of high concentration levels, exceeding 60 times the OEL, the use of a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or an airline system is required.

The X-plore 9300 is a supplied air respirator that provides constant air flow to its user. Especially designed for simple industrial applications, this device offers comfort of use and improved safety.

  • The X-plore 9300 supplied air respirator by Drager, SAR system for better safety

Supplied air respirator X-plore 9300

The X-plore 9300 is a supplied air respirator that provides constant air flow to its user. Especially designed for simple industrial applications, this device offers comfort of use and improved safety.

The X-plore 9300 supplied air respirator by Drager, SAR system for better safety
  • 3 to 10 bar inlet pressure
  • Integrated pressure reducer
  • Safe air flow adjustment
  • Robust and easy to use
Additional information

The X-plore 9300 supplied air respirator system – or SAR - features enhanced functions such as a patented pressure reducer or a self-check function to provide optimal comfort of use and improved safety. Especially designed for simple industrial applications, the X-plore 9300 provides a continuous air flow to its user.

In compliance with the EN 14954 standard, the X-plore 9300 airline respirator is a compact and lightweight device – less than 0.5 kg – that shall be worn on belt. Thanks to supply hose connectors, this supplied air respirator system provides constant air flow into a facepiece (respiratory protective mask, full hood or half-hood) with increased flexibility. Fully compatible with the X-plore 8000 SAR facepieces series, the X-plore 9300 airline respirator also features a pressure regulator that enables user to adjust the injected air flow between 200 and 1,200 liters per minute. It can also be used with helmets and protective visors.

The integrated auto test function automatically turns on once the device is powered. Thanks to this function, the user doesn’t need to control the proper operation of the device before each use. This way, users significantly gain time to operate. An alarm whistle is added to this auto test unit in order to indicate that the device can properly operate and to alert in case of insufficient air supply. Moreover, this supplied air respirator system requires no particular maintenance. Spare parts of this device can also be easily replaced at lower cost.

Particularly robust and easy to use, the X-plore 9300 SAR has been designed for use in demanding environments and is even approved for use in potentially explosive areas.

The X-plore 9300 constant flow supplied air respirator system is compatible with a whole range of accessories including standard belt, leather belt or decontaminable belt but also a range of 3 to 50 meters air supply hoses for hoods, helmets or visors. The X-plore 9300 can also be connected to the X-plore 4740 half-mask or to the X-plore 6300, Panorama or FPS 700 full face masks.

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The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

  • X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator

Full facepiece respirator X-plore 5500

The X-plore 5500 is a full facepiece respirator mask especially designed to provide its users breathing and visual protection against gases and particles.

X-plore 5500 gas mask by Drager: dual filter respirator
  • Airtight and secured design
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • 180° large field of view
  • Efficient ventilation system
  • Compatible with the X-plore filters range
Additional information

Especially designed to provide an optimal protection in presence of gas or particles, the X-plore 5500 full facepiece respirator is widely used in many industrial applications (particularly in the chemical and steel industries) but also shipyard industry…

Equipped with a visor made of polycarbonate or triplex glass, the X-plore 5500 mask provides its wearer a large field of vision without distortion. The polycarbonate panoramic visor features a frame made of plastics and is highly resistant to shocks while the glass visor – with stainless steel frame – is treated against scratches and chemical products.

The mask itself features a specific dual seal with triple sealing edges to offer optimal tightness and protection. The body of the dual filter gas mask is made of ultra-resistant EPDM elastomer that fits any morphology and face shape. This way, the mask remains comfortable to wear. Moreover, thanks to its unique standard size, this full facepiece respirator is easy to transport and to store.

As it is a respiratory protective full face mask, steam can appear on the visor. In order to resolve this matter, the le X-plore 5500 is equipped with a special integrated ventilation system. This system has been engineered to protect the visor against any risk of condensation in order to ensure clear view in any situation.

Thanks to its comfortable 5-point flanged harness, the X-plore 550 can be worn and removed easily and quickly. Moreover, its connecting straps have been especially designed to avoid pressure on the head or the face of the user.

The X-plore 5500 dual filter gas mask features two connectors located on both sides to connect two air filtering cartridges. Furthermore, as the filters are positioned laterally and backwards, the field of vision of the user remains perfectly unobstructed. This breathing protection equipment is fully compatible with the X-plore series bayonet filters. These filters are especially designed to provide optimal protection against harmful gases, vapors and particles. Thanks to their bayonet connection system, they can be easily and quickly installed in order to operate as soon as possible.

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The X-plore 8000 is a powered air purifying respirator especially designed to provide a reliable and convenient respiratory protection solution. Fully modular, this system can operate for at least 4 hours with only one charge for safe applications.

  • The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system by Dräger enhanced positive pressure respirator

PAPR respirator system X-plore 8000

The X-plore 8000 is a powered air purifying respirator especially designed to provide a reliable and convenient respiratory protection solution. Fully modular, this system can operate for at least 4 hours with only one charge for safe applications.

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system by Dräger enhanced positive pressure respirator
  • Rugged design for daily use
  • Modular and versatile
  • Comfortable and secured with rubber protectors
  • Easy to disassemble for easy servicing
  • Compatible with a large range of accessories
Additional information

The X-plore 800 PAPR respirator system has been especially designed to enable its user to operate safely in toxic environments. Thanks to its robust designIP65 certified against dust and water jets – this positive pressure air purifying respiratory protective device is particularly well-suited for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX).

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator system is composed by a rugged casing that can includes a whole range of specific PAPR filters in order to meet requirements of almost any industrial application. A breathing hose available in three different versions and a face piece (PAPR mask or hood) complete this system. The device can be worn with a special belt and can be equipped with a standard battery, which provides at least 4 hours run time, or a high capacity battery for an extended run time of at least 8 hours. The belt ensures optimal comfort of use and perfect weight balance. This positive pressure respirator has been especially engineered to fit perfectly the user without disturbance.

Available in standard version as well as ATEX certified fireproof version, the X-plore 8000 respirator features protected air inlets which ensure that no dust, water or even sparks come into contact with filters.

Thanks to its enhanced technology, the PAPR respirator system automatically detects the connected face piece in order to adjust the injected airflow. Integrated temperature and pressure sensors in the housing also enable the automatic adjustment of the airflow. A wide range of face pieces – PAPR hoods & masks - is available to meet even the most demanding requirements from any application. This way, the housing of the X-plore 8000 can be connected to half-hoods, full hoods, protective visors, helmets, half-masks, panoramic masks or even helmets specifically dedicated to welding activities.

The X-plore 8000 PAPR respirator also features a smart alarm system which purpose is to alert user in case of problems. This way, if the air flow is not sufficient or in case of low battery status, visual (operational display), acoustic (80 dBA at 1 meter) and vibrating alarms activate to alert user of the failure. Moreover, an integrated optical sensor avoids any use without a filter for an optimal safety of use.

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The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

  • The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger

Full face respirator X-plore 6300

The X-plore 6300 is a respiratory protective full face respirator. Cost effective, this is an ideal solution for industrial applications, providing users comfort and air purifying performance.

The X-plore 6300 full face respirator, a single filter gas mask by Dräger
  • Universal size
  • Large field of view
  • Hypoalergenic material
  • Integrated ventilation system
  • Compatible with X-plore Rd 40 filter series
Additional information

The X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask is a respiratory protective device that has been especially designed for use in industrial environments.

Made of ultra-resistant and hypoalergenic EPDM elastomer, this full face respirator features a dual airtight seal for maximal reliability, comfort and safety. Cost-effective, this mask fits perfectly in any morphology and any face shape witout annoying its wearer.

The large facepiece visor is made of PMMA plexiglass (polymethyl methacrylate) and features a plastic frame to offer a large 180° field of view without distorsion and an outstanding panoramic view. This visor is also especially treated to be scratch resistant. Moreover, the X-plore 6300 mask is equipped with an integrated ventilation system in order to avoid presence of steam and condensation inside the full facepiece.

Thanks to its universal size and its 5-point specific harness, this respirator is very easy to don and to remove. The special design of its donning straps avoids any pressure on the head or the face of the user. This way, the X-plore 6300 can be worn during long periods of time without annoying the user. taille. Furthermore, thanks to this standard size and its low weight – approximately 500 grams – the X-plore 6300 single cartridge respirator is easier to carry and to store.

Lastly, this respiratory protective full face respirator is fully compatible with X-plore Rd 40 series filters. These filters feature universal 40 mm connector threads in compliance with the EN 148-1 European standard. These filters are especially designed to purify air from any contaminant that could be harmful for the user. This filter range provides reliable and efficient protection in any situation against toxic substances – gas or particles. Thus, the X-plore 6300 single filter gas mask can be equipped with a particle filter, a gas filter or a combined filter to respond to any demanding application.

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The SARI gas mask provides operating comfort and efficient protection against toxic gases and particles (solid, radioactive, smokes), bacteria and virus.

  • Sari Full face mask by Scott Safety

Full face gas mask – SARI

The SARI gas mask provides operating comfort and efficient protection against toxic gases and particles (solid, radioactive, smokes), bacteria and virus.

Sari Full face mask by Scott Safety
  • Compatible with PRO2000 filter range (gas, particle and combined)
  • Central phonic membrane for easy communication
  • Compatible with powered air equipment
  • Internal mask with non-return and anti-fog valves, reduces CO2
  • Fully adjustable 5 points harness for improved operating comfort
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The Dräger PARAT 7500 combined escape hood (for industry & fire) is equipped with an ABEK CO P3 filter to filter toxic gases, vapors and particles from an industrial accident or generated in a fire.

  • Dräger PARAT 7500 escape hood for industry & fire

PARAT 7500 escape hood (industry & fire combined)

The Dräger PARAT 7500 combined escape hood (for industry & fire) is equipped with an ABEK CO P3 filter to filter toxic gases, vapors and particles from an industrial accident or generated in a fire.

Dräger PARAT 7500 escape hood for industry & fire
  • Combined protection against industrial gas and fire hazards
  • Minimum 15 minutes autonomy
  • ABEK CO P3 high performance filter
  • 16 years lifespan
  • Optimized comfort and visibility
Additional information

The Dräger PARAT 7500 escape hood offers a minimum of 15 minutes autonomy in emergency situations with toxic gases, vapors and particles. Easy to put on and offering reliable protection, optimal ergonomics and a robust design, this escape hood is perfectly suited in industrial and fire-risk environments.

The high performance ABEK CO P3 hood filter is tested in compliance with EN 14387: 2004 and DIN 58647-7 standards and provides a minimum of 15 minutes autonomy against cyclohexane, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen cyanide, sulfur dioxide, ammonia, carbon monoxide, acrolein, hydrogen chloride, as well as 5 minutes autonomy against hydrogen sulfide.

The PARAT 7500 is available in a soft bag or hard case and has a 16 years lifespan (with filter replacement after 8 years).

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