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Ethylene – C2H4

This page presents information about ethylene (C2H4) – or ethene, appropriate detection means – ethylene gas detector – and respiratory protective equipment (gas mask or PAPR with type A gas filters).

Ethylene gas detector and C2H4 respiratory protection

Ethylene properties

Ethylene (C2H4) – also known as ethene – is used for many applications in the chemical industry. It is the basis of petrochemistry, particularly for plastics production. Its derivatives – such as ethylene oxide or ethanol – are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry for their disinfectant properties. This gas is also used to stimulate and grow climacteric fruits (kiwis, bananas…).

CASTWA (8 hours)STEL (15 minutes)LELIPDensity / AirFilter / SCBA
74-85-12.7 %10.51 eV0.98A

Ethylene effects on health

Ethylene (C2H4) is a colorless gas hardly detectable through smell. Highly flammable, its explosive limits are set between 2.70 and 36% volume. At high concentrations, it may irritate the breathing system or cause dizziness. Even if ethylene is not toxic, it can transform into ethylene oxide in the human body, and this toxic substance is classified as carcinogenic by the IARC*. 

*IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on the WHO World Health Organization)

Ethylene gas detector - C2H4

Hardly detectable through smell, only an ethylene gas detector can accurately measure concentrations of this gas. Moreover, as ethylene is a volatile organic compound with a 10.51 eV ionization potential, it is recommended to use a VOC photo-ionization lamp detector.

The Pac 8000 OV can monitor many gases and organic vapors. The device is waterproof and ideally adapts to the harshest conditions.

  • Organic vapors detector PAC 8000 OV by Drager
  • Water and dust proof
  • Detects many gases and organic vapors
  • 2 years battery lifespan
  • Housing resistant to extreme conditions
  • ATEX, cCSAus, IECEx, CE compliant
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Organic vapors detector PAC 8000 OV

The Pac 8000 OV can monitor many gases and organic vapors. The device is waterproof and ideally adapts to the harshest conditions.

Organic vapors detector PAC 8000 OV by Drager
  • Water and dust proof
  • Detects many gases and organic vapors
  • 2 years battery lifespan
  • Housing resistant to extreme conditions
  • ATEX, cCSAus, IECEx, CE compliant
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SIL 2 approved ATEX gas detector to detect the combustible gases (IR or catalytic), CO2 (IR), toxic gases (electrochemical), solvents or freons (semiconductor) and asphyxiating gases (oxygen deficiency).

  • Fixed gas detector OLCT100
  • Detection of hydrocarbons, solvents, toxic gases, freons, VOC, CO2
  • Housing made of aluminium with epoxy paint (optional 316L Stainless Steel version)
  • Outputs: OLC100: Wheatstone bridge – OLCT100: 4-20 mA linear
  • Power supply: 15.5 to 32 VDC
  • ATEX & SIL 2 approved for catalytic and infrared versions
  • Additional information
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Fixed gas detector – OLCT100

SIL 2 approved ATEX gas detector to detect the combustible gases (IR or catalytic), CO2 (IR), toxic gases (electrochemical), solvents or freons (semiconductor) and asphyxiating gases (oxygen deficiency).

Fixed gas detector OLCT100
  • Detection of hydrocarbons, solvents, toxic gases, freons, VOC, CO2
  • Housing made of aluminium with epoxy paint (optional 316L Stainless Steel version)
  • Outputs: OLC100: Wheatstone bridge – OLCT100: 4-20 mA linear
  • Power supply: 15.5 to 32 VDC
  • ATEX & SIL 2 approved for catalytic and infrared versions
Additional information

Thanks to the wide variety of sensor technologies that can be used with this monitor, the OLCT100 fixed gas detector can detect a large range of gases. The combustible gases can be detected with a catalytic or infrared sensor, toxic gases with an electrochemical sensor, freons with a semiconductor sensor and carbon dioxide with an infrared sensor.

Two outputs types are available for this fixed gas detector range. The first one is the 4-20 mA analog output. It can be used to detect combustible, toxic and asphyxiating gases but also solvents, freons or carbon dioxide. The second output version is a Wheatstone bridge for the detection of combustible gases (0-100% LEL only).

Many accessories are available for the OLCT100 gas detector to improve sensor response time or to get optimal implementation.

The OLC/OLCT100 range is available under 5 versions:

  • OLC100 : Wheatstone bridge output detector to detect the combustible gases (0-100% LEL only)
  • OLCT 100 XP: Explosion-proof version equipped with a catalytic, electrochemical or semiconductor sensor to detect the combustible or toxic gases or oxygen.
  • OLCT 100 IS: Extremely reliable version to detect toxic gases or oxygen.
  • OLCT 100 XP IR: Explosion-proof version equipped with an infrared sensor to detect the combustible gases or CO2
  • OLCT 100 XP HT: High temperature explosion-proof version to detect combustible gases up to 200 °C
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The X-am 5000 portable gas detector represents an ideal solution for individual protection and monitoring of combustible and toxic gases as well as oxygen. Small and lightweight, this multi gas detector can simultaneously detect the presence of 1 up to 5 gases.

  • 5 gas monitor Drager X-am 5000 for combustible, toxic gases and oxygen monitoring
  • Ergonomic, compact and lightweight
  • Customizable with interchangeable sensors
  • Powered with alkaline or T4 batteries
  • Water and dust resistant, insensitive to electromagnetic interferences
  • Optional external pump to draw remote samples
  • Additional information
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5 gas monitor X-am 5000

The X-am 5000 portable gas detector represents an ideal solution for individual protection and monitoring of combustible and toxic gases as well as oxygen. Small and lightweight, this multi gas detector can simultaneously detect the presence of 1 up to 5 gases.

5 gas monitor Drager X-am 5000 for combustible, toxic gases and oxygen monitoring
  • Ergonomic, compact and lightweight
  • Customizable with interchangeable sensors
  • Powered with alkaline or T4 batteries
  • Water and dust resistant, insensitive to electromagnetic interferences
  • Optional external pump to draw remote samples
Additional information

The X-am 5000 5 gas monitor is the world’s smallest handheld multi gas detector. This personal safety equipment has been especially designed to accurately and reliably detect the presence of combustible and toxic gases, amines and organic vapors but also to monitor the presence of oxygen in ambient air.

With its ultra-compact size and its low weight, the X-am 5000 monitor is easy to wear, attached to a pocket or directly on a collar in order to measure concentrations inhaled by its users. This device features two buttons to navigate the intuitive and user-friendly menus.

The interchangeable Ex catalytic sensors used in this detector can be easily replaced for use in a large number of applications. These sensors are engineered for measures from the lower explosive limit (LEL) up to 100% of the volume. Because they are interchangeable, these catalytic gas detection sensors can be easily replaced. The user can also add sensors to upgrade a detector in order to detect new gases. Moreover, these sensors feature excellent stability and enhanced resistance against poisons like hydrogen sulfide or silicon. Their lifetime can exceed 4 years.

In compliance with the IP67 standard, the X-am 5000 5 gas monitor is airtight to dust and water. Thanks to its rubber housing, this detector is also resistant to shocks, vibrations and impacts in order to be used in the most difficult environments.

Thanks to an optional external pump, the X-am 5000 can also be used to draw remote samples up to 30 meters away. This pump can be easily and quickly mounted and removed and requires no tool. This way, operators can easily switch from diffusion mode to pump mode in order to control the presence of hazardous concentrations of gases before any intervention in confined space – for applications in tanks for example).

Lastly, the X-am 5000 portable multi gas detector is available with two power supply opportunities: either with alkaline batteries or with a rechargeable T4 battery. Furthermore, its integrated data logger can store up to 1,000 hours of data per interval of one minute.

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Used in a complete gas detection system or as a stand alone monitor, the VOC detector XDI-PID is dedicated to  volatile organic compounds monitoring. This fixed detector with a photoionization lamp is an ATEX certified transmitter, with a 4-20 mA linear output, a digital display and alarm relays.

  • VOC monitor, volatile organic compounds fixed detector with PID lamp
  • ATEX VOC detector
  • 4-20 mA output + 3 configurable alarm relays (alarms and/or fault)
  • Humidity-resistant (no compensation needed)
  • Solid and resistant device for the most demanding environments
  • Large optional backlit LCD display
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Fixed VOC detector XDI PID

Used in a complete gas detection system or as a stand alone monitor, the VOC detector XDI-PID is dedicated to  volatile organic compounds monitoring. This fixed detector with a photoionization lamp is an ATEX certified transmitter, with a 4-20 mA linear output, a digital display and alarm relays.

Détecteur COV (composés organiques volatils) XDI-PID
  • ATEX VOC detector
  • 4-20 mA output + 3 configurable alarm relays (alarms and/or fault)
  • Humidity-resistant (no compensation needed)
  • Solid and resistant device for the most demanding environments
  • Large optional backlit LCD display
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C2H4 respiratory protection - Ethylene

At low concentrations, ethylene can be filtered with an A gas filter. At high concentrations, this asphyxiating gas causes suffocation, thus it is advised to wear a self-contained breathing apparatus or a supplied air respirator for long-term interventions.

The X-plore 9300 is a supplied air respirator that provides constant air flow to its user. Especially designed for simple industrial applications, this device offers comfort of use and improved safety.

  • The X-plore 9300 supplied air respirator by Drager, SAR system for better safety
  • 3 to 10 bar inlet pressure
  • Integrated pressure reducer
  • Safe air flow adjustment
  • Robust and easy to use
  • Additional information
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Supplied air respirator X-plore 9300

The X-plore 9300 is a supplied air respirator that provides constant air flow to its user. Especially designed for simple industrial applications, this device offers comfort of use and improved safety.

The X-plore 9300 supplied air respirator by Drager, SAR system for better safety
  • 3 to 10 bar inlet pressure
  • Integrated pressure reducer
  • Safe air flow adjustment
  • Robust and easy to use
Additional information

The X-plore 9300 supplied air respirator system – or SAR - features enhanced functions such as a patented pressure reducer or a self-check function to provide optimal comfort of use and improved safety. Especially designed for simple industrial applications, the X-plore 9300 provides a continuous air flow to its user.

In compliance with the EN 14954 standard, the X-plore 9300 airline respirator is a compact and lightweight device – less than 0.5 kg – that shall be worn on belt. Thanks to supply hose connectors, this supplied air respirator system provides constant air flow into a facepiece (respiratory protective mask, full hood or half-hood) with increased flexibility. Fully compatible with the X-plore 8000 SAR facepieces series, the X-plore 9300 airline respirator also features a pressure regulator that enables user to adjust the injected air flow between 200 and 1,200 liters per minute. It can also be used with helmets and protective visors.

The integrated auto test function automatically turns on once the device is powered. Thanks to this function, the user doesn’t need to control the proper operation of the device before each use. This way, users significantly gain time to operate. An alarm whistle is added to this auto test unit in order to indicate that the device can properly operate and to alert in case of insufficient air supply. Moreover, this supplied air respirator system requires no particular maintenance. Spare parts of this device can also be easily replaced at lower cost.

Particularly robust and easy to use, the X-plore 9300 SAR has been designed for use in demanding environments and is even approved for use in potentially explosive areas.

The X-plore 9300 constant flow supplied air respirator system is compatible with a whole range of accessories including standard belt, leather belt or decontaminable belt but also a range of 3 to 50 meters air supply hoses for hoods, helmets or visors. The X-plore 9300 can also be connected to the X-plore 4740 half-mask or to the X-plore 6300, Panorama or FPS 700 full face masks.

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Especially designed for industrial applications, the self-contained breathing apparatus R-Pas combines reliability, performance and comfort of use. Composed by an SCBA mask, a compressed air cylinder and a harness, the R-Pas complete set is provided in its carrying case.

  • complete SCBA set R-pas kit by Dräger: a full self-contained breathing apparatus in its carrying case
  • Efficient weight balance
  • Air supply hose and manometer integrated to the harness
  • Full face respiratory protective mask
  • Provided with high visibility orange carrying case
  • Well suited for use in ATEX zones
  • Additional information
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R-Pas complete SCBA set with carrying case

Especially designed for industrial applications, the self-contained breathing apparatus R-Pas combines reliability, performance and comfort of use. Composed by an SCBA mask, a compressed air cylinder and a harness, the R-Pas complete set is provided in its carrying case.

complete SCBA set R-pas kit by Dräger: a full self-contained breathing apparatus in its carrying case
  • Efficient weight balance
  • Air supply hose and manometer integrated to the harness
  • Full face respiratory protective mask
  • Provided with high visibility orange carrying case
  • Well suited for use in ATEX zones
Additional information

Especially designed for use in industrial applications, the R-Pas set is a self-contained breathing apparatus with reduced maintenance needs. It combines performance, reliability and comfort of use.

Particularly lightweight and multifunction, this open-circuit SCBA is an ideal solution in presence of toxic gases or for use in poorly oxygenated environments. As it is compliant with the EN 137-2 standard, the R-Pas set is also recommended for fire interventions. Thus it is widely used by firefighters all around the world.

Delivered complete in its high visibility orange carrying case, the R-Pas is part of the latest generation of self-contained breathing apparatus. It is composed by an SCBA mask, a compressed air cylinder and a harness.

The harness is lightweight and easy to don. It is equipped with a factory pre-set flow regulator and a demand flow regulator. Thanks to its lightweight, antistatic and shock resistant design and rubber protection for the manometer, this harness is especially made for use in the harshest environments. Its harness is made of lightweight flameproof buckles, adjustable straps and rubber backplate highly resistant to chemical products. This way, the R-Pas SCBA is well-suited for fire situations. Moreover air supplying and manometer hoses are directly mounted into the harness backplate for better comfort.

The SCBA mask included in the R-Pas set is made of elastomer for easy adjustment and perfect fit with any shape of face. Thanks to its dual airtight seal and a 180° visor, this respiratory protective mask offers an outstanding comfort of use and a large distortion-free field of view for an excellent peripheral view. Furthermore this mask is provided with a specific bag in order not to be damaged or scratched during transport in the carrying case.

The compressed air cylinder that is also included in the R-Pas set is lightweight and robust. Made of lightened steel, this cylinder is equipped with an EN tap. Thanks to its 6 liters capacity at 300 bars, this compressed air cylinder provides clean air for approximately 40 minutes for safe interventions.

The high visibility orange carrying case has been especially designed to carry the full SCBA R-Pas set, including the connected cylinder and is ready for use.

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The PAS X-Plore is an on-demand airline respirator system composed by a fullface mask, a belt-worn air supplying unit and a demand valve. This device has been especially designed to offer a respiratory protective solution to users without cluttering activities and operations.

  • Supplied air respirator system, airline respirator PAS x-plore by Drager
  • Robust, rugged and easy to use
  • Suitable for many applications
  • Cost-effective maintenance
  • Advanced features
  • Optimal comfort of use
  • Additional information
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PAS X-Plore airline respirator system

The PAS X-Plore is an on-demand airline respirator system composed by a fullface mask, a belt-worn air supplying unit and a demand valve. This device has been especially designed to offer a respiratory protective solution to users without cluttering activities and operations.

Supplied air respirator system, airline respirator PAS x-plore by Drager
  • Robust, rugged and easy to use
  • Suitable for many applications
  • Cost-effective maintenance
  • Advanced features
  • Optimal comfort of use
Additional information

The PAS X-Plore airline respirator mask with on demand valve has been especially engineered for use in industrial and demanding environments. In order to operate properly, this supplied air respirator must be composed by a fullface mask, a belt and a demand valve.

Thanks to advanced and user-friendly features such as a patented flow reducer and a self-check function, users benefit from high comfort of use, enhanced safety and reinforced flexibility.

With an inlet pressure from 5 to 10 bar and its patented airflow reducing system, the PAS X-plore airline respirator system covers a very large range of industrial applications. This special function enables users to benefit from a constant air flow even in case of pressure modification in the external air source. Moreover, these supplied air respirator units integrate a secured flow adjustment in order to increase air flow and user comfort.

PAS X-plore system is fully compatible with Nova Panorama full face mask. This suplied air respirator is a reference for safety and comfort of use. With an ergonomic design and available in EPDM version or silicon version, it provides its user with an optimal large field of vision as well as comfortable and safe adjustments.

Also compatible with the PAS X-plore airline respirator system, the Dräger PSS® demand valve has been especially designed for extreme applications: once connected to a respiratory protective mask, this valve can rotate in order to fit in any movement of the user.

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As it is lightweight yet rugged and robust, the PSS® 3000 is a next generation SCBA respirator especially designed for industrial applications and firefighters.

  • Drager SCBA Respirator PSS® 3000 for better safety in industrial applications
  • Excellent pneumatic performance
  • Easy to use
  • Integrated air supplying hoses
  • Comfortable and ergonomic harness
  • Large choice of available configurations
  • Additional information
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SCBA respirator PSS® 3000 self-contained breathing apparatus

As it is lightweight yet rugged and robust, the PSS® 3000 is a next generation SCBA respirator especially designed for industrial applications and firefighters.

Drager SCBA Respirator PSS® 3000 for better safety in industrial applications
  • Excellent pneumatic performance
  • Easy to use
  • Integrated air supplying hoses
  • Comfortable and ergonomic harness
  • Large choice of available configurations
Additional information

The PSS® 3000 self-contained breathing apparatus is a high performing device that has been especially designed for firefighters and operators evolving in fire situations. As ease of use and efficiency are key elements in this kind of situations, the PSS 3000 has been engineered to be lightweight and easy to use. To date, this self-contained breathing apparatus is one of the most advanced device of this category on the market.

As it is one of the world lightest SCBA respirator, the PSS 3000 is a combination of the best air supplying respiratory protection technologies. The harness and the backplate are particularly robust and resistant to mechanical, chemical or thermal wear and tear.

Especially designed to be versatile the PSS 3000 maintenance is easy and fast. This way, all the key components of this device can be easily and swiftly removed and replaced. Moreover, medium pressure air supplying and manometer hoses are directly integrated into the backplate in order not to clutter up the user. This system also enables the device to be less cumbersome for interventions on confined spaces or difficult access areas for example. Lastly, in order to provide the best user experience, the hoses can be re-routed from one side to the other in order to fit the user’s preferences.

The harness, key element of this SCBA respirator was thought to perfectly fit around the body of its user in order to reduce fatigue, back strain and stress. Very resistant, this harness features lightweight and flameproof buckles and adjustment straps that are resistant against wear and tear and rubber cover protections against potential schocks and impacts.

The PSS 3000 self-contained breathing apparatus is available with a large range of respiratory protective accessories including the FPS 7000 panoramic SCBA mask that offers comfort and a large field of view. This range also includes compressed air cylinders equipped with TN type taps; rotating on-demand valve that follows the user’s movements or even the Bodyguard 1000 personal alert safety system also down as man down detector.

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