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Butane (C4H10)

This page presents information about butane (C4H10): appropriate detection means – butane detector – and respiratory protective equipment (self-contained breathing apparatus and supplied air respirator).

Butane detector, C4H10 sensors, combustible gas meter & respiratory protection

Butane properties 

Butane (C4H10) is an alkane hydrocarbon. This gas is produced while refining crude petroleum or in natural gas deposits. It is mainly used filled in cylinders as a household fuel (water heater, cooker, heating). However butane is used in industrial environments as well, particularly in the synthesis process of ethylene, propylene or butadiene.

CASLELUELIPDensity / AirFilter / SCBA
106-97-81.6 %8.4 %10.63 eV2.01AX / ARI

Butane effects on health

If inhaled, butane can have severe consequences on human health that can lead to death (asphyxia, ventricular fibrillation). Butane combustion can also lead to these hazards as it exhausts harmful substances like nitrogen dioxide. When combustion is incomplete – because of an oxygen deficiency – butane combustion produces carbon and carbon monoxide as well.

When its concentration reaches 17,000 ppm, butane is a central nervous system depressant. At high levels, it acts like a simple asphyxiating agent that can move the necessary to breathing oxygen. It is also dangerous in confined spaces where its concentration has to stay under 10% of the LEL (lower explosive limit) – 1,600 ppm.

Butane is slightly soluble into water but dissolves into alcohol and ether. Odorless and colorless, it is gaseous at room temperature but can liquefy at relatively low pressure levels. Butane is highly flammable. It easily ignites in presence of static electricity, flame or any other ignition source. Between 1.6 and 8.4%, it forms an explosive mixture with air.

Butane detector (C4H10 - combustible gas meter)

As butane is indiscernible through smell, only a butane detector, usually a combustible gas meter, can accurately measure concentrations of this gas. Two butane gas sensor technologies are available: either in toxicity with ppm measurement (not recommended), or in explosive capability with a LEL percentage monitoring (combustible gas meter).

The X-am 2500 portable 4 gas monitor has been especially designed to accurately monitor concentrations of 1 up to 4 gases:  combustible gas (0 - 100% LEL) oxygen (O2), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The device is guaranteed for 3 years.

  • 4 gas monitor: Drager portable multi gas detector for oxygen O2,CO, H2S, NO2, and SO2 monitoring
  • Large LCD display for easy concentrations reading
  • High capacity battery for over 12 hours operation
  • Ergonomic and robust design, ATEX approved
  • Long-lasting specific sensors
  • Available with optional pump for remote sampling
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Portable 4 gas monitor X-am 2500

The X-am 2500 portable 4 gas monitor has been especially designed to accurately monitor concentrations of 1 up to 4 gases:  combustible gas (0 - 100% LEL) oxygen (O2), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The device is guaranteed for 3 years.

4 gas monitor: Drager portable multi gas detector for oxygen O2,CO, H2S, NO2, and SO2 monitoring
  • Large LCD display for easy concentrations reading
  • High capacity battery for over 12 hours operation
  • Ergonomic and robust design, ATEX approved
  • Long-lasting specific sensors
  • Available with optional pump for remote sampling
Additional information

Especially designed for use in hazardous atmospheres, the X-am 2500 portable multi gas detector is ATEX approved for zone 0 (permanent explosive atmosphere). This small 4 gas monitor can accurately and reliably detect the presence of up to 4 gases among O2 (oxygen), CO (carbon monoxide), H2S (hydrogen sulfide), NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) and SO2 (sulfur dioxide).

The powerful tiny sensors of the X-am 2500 multi gas detector allow safe and reliable detection of hazardous gases concentrations. Thus these high performance gas detection sensors are ideally well-suited for industrial applications and refineries. Moreover, thanks to their unique design, these gas detection sensors feature a long-lasting shelf life – up to 5 years for O2, CO and H2S sensors. This high sensor durability then enables reduction of gas detection related operating costs.

Thanks to its compact and lightweight design associated to a robust crocodile clip, the X-am 2500 portable 4 gas monitor can be easily and comfortably worn on a belt or on a collar without disturbing the user. Moreover, this portable multi gas  detector features several gas entries on the top and on the front in order to properly operate even if the device is inside a pocket or if one of the entries is accidentally covered. As a safety device against potentially dangerous gas concentrations, the X-am 2500 has a 3 years guarentee to ensure maximum security to its user.

The X-am 2500 portable gas monitor  features a large easy to read LCD display. All of the target gases are simultaneously displayed on the screen and once a gas alarm occurs, the hazardous target gas is highlighted for fast recognition of the hazard. The ultra-bright visual alarm can be seen at 360° and is coupled with acoustic 90 dB at 30 cm and vibrating alarms.

An optional gas sampling pump is available to draw remote samples up to 30 meters in order to get sure of gases concentrations in confined spaces like tanks or pits before any intervention. This gas sampling pump, designed for this 4 gas monitor, automatically triggers upon the device start-up and it is very easy for the user to switch from pump mode to diffusion mode without any tool.

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SIL 2 approved ATEX gas detector to detect the combustible gases (IR or catalytic), CO2 (IR), toxic gases (electrochemical), solvents or freons (semiconductor) and asphyxiating gases (oxygen deficiency).

  • Fixed gas detector OLCT100
  • Detection of hydrocarbons, solvents, toxic gases, freons, VOC, CO2
  • Housing made of aluminium with epoxy paint (optional 316L Stainless Steel version)
  • Outputs: OLC100: Wheatstone bridge – OLCT100: 4-20 mA linear
  • Power supply: 15.5 to 32 VDC
  • ATEX & SIL 2 approved for catalytic and infrared versions
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Fixed gas detector – OLCT100

SIL 2 approved ATEX gas detector to detect the combustible gases (IR or catalytic), CO2 (IR), toxic gases (electrochemical), solvents or freons (semiconductor) and asphyxiating gases (oxygen deficiency).

Fixed gas detector OLCT100
  • Detection of hydrocarbons, solvents, toxic gases, freons, VOC, CO2
  • Housing made of aluminium with epoxy paint (optional 316L Stainless Steel version)
  • Outputs: OLC100: Wheatstone bridge – OLCT100: 4-20 mA linear
  • Power supply: 15.5 to 32 VDC
  • ATEX & SIL 2 approved for catalytic and infrared versions
Additional information

Thanks to the wide variety of sensor technologies that can be used with this monitor, the OLCT100 fixed gas detector can detect a large range of gases. The combustible gases can be detected with a catalytic or infrared sensor, toxic gases with an electrochemical sensor, freons with a semiconductor sensor and carbon dioxide with an infrared sensor.

Two outputs types are available for this fixed gas detector range. The first one is the 4-20 mA analog output. It can be used to detect combustible, toxic and asphyxiating gases but also solvents, freons or carbon dioxide. The second output version is a Wheatstone bridge for the detection of combustible gases (0-100% LEL only).

Many accessories are available for the OLCT100 gas detector to improve sensor response time or to get optimal implementation.

The OLC/OLCT100 range is available under 5 versions:

  • OLC100 : Wheatstone bridge output detector to detect the combustible gases (0-100% LEL only)
  • OLCT 100 XP: Explosion-proof version equipped with a catalytic, electrochemical or semiconductor sensor to detect the combustible or toxic gases or oxygen.
  • OLCT 100 IS: Extremely reliable version to detect toxic gases or oxygen.
  • OLCT 100 XP IR: Explosion-proof version equipped with an infrared sensor to detect the combustible gases or CO2
  • OLCT 100 XP HT: High temperature explosion-proof version to detect combustible gases up to 200 °C
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The Ventis Pro5 detector is equipped with new features such as a panic button to improve safety of workers evolving in hazardous areas.

Detection of the combustible gases, NH3, CO, CO/H2S, H2S, HCN, NO2, O2, SO2, CO2, HC.

  • portable multi gas detector ventis pro 5 by Industrial Scientific
  • Dimensions: 104 x 58 x 36 mm – weight: 200 grams without pump
  • Audible (95 dB), LED visual (2 red and 2 blue) and vibrating alarms
  • Rechargeable lithium-ion battery with optional extended battery
  • Polycarbonate housing with waterproof rubber overmold (IP68)
  • Datalogging over 3 months with 10 seconds interval
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Portable multi gas detector – VENTIS PRO5 – up to 5 gases

The Ventis Pro5 detector is equipped with new features such as a panic button to improve safety of workers evolving in hazardous areas.

Detection of the combustible gases, NH3, CO, CO/H2S, H2S, HCN, NO2, O2, SO2, CO2, HC.

portable multi gas detector ventis pro 5 by Industrial Scientific
  • Dimensions: 104 x 58 x 36 mm – weight: 200 grams without pump
  • Audible (95 dB), LED visual (2 red and 2 blue) and vibrating alarms
  • Rechargeable lithium-ion battery with optional extended battery
  • Polycarbonate housing with waterproof rubber overmold (IP68)
  • Datalogging over 3 months with 10 seconds interval
Additional information

The Ventis Pro5 multi gas detector was especially designed to silmutaneously detect up to 5 gases among the combustible gases, NH3, CO, CO/H2S, H2S HCN, NO2, O2, SO2, CO2 and HC.

 

This flexible detector features a panic button to alert nearby teams when user is in distress. It also features a mandown alert function which is set to activate after a defined period of time without motion.

 

In case of anormal concentrations, powerful audible (95 dB à 10 cm) and visual (ultra-bright blue and red lights) alarms will alert any operator working in the area, even in high-noise and dark environments.

Custom alarm action messages like “EVACUATE” or “VENTILATE” can furthermore be configured in case of emergency situations in order to safely and quickly take corrective actions.

 

Made of polycarbonate with protective rubber overmold, this gas detector is available either in black or high-visibility safety orange versions and can be combined with the VSP slide-on pump. Its integrated data logger can record up to 3 months of events. Water and dust-resistant (IP68), the Ventis Pro5 can be used in pumped version for use in confined spaces or without pump as a personal protective equipment.

 

The Ventis Pro5 portable multi gas detector also features the LENS Wireless technology. LENS is the first wireless gas detection solution that allows personal monitors and area monitors to communicate gas readings and alarms with one another. This way, panic and mandown alarms will be communicated to other Ventos Pro detectors operating in the same area in order to alert everyone on the hazardous situations.

 

Lastly, the Ventis Pro5 benefits from the iAssign® technology for site and user follow-up. Thanks to this enhanced technology, every data recorded by the device will be assigned to the user ID. This process allows amongst other things users to wear several gas detectors within the same working day.

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Especially designed for use in boiler rooms or parkings, the OLCT10 sensor range is used to monitor presence of explosive vapors and gases or combustion toxic gases in ambient air.

 

  • Fixed gas detector OLCT10
  • Detection of the combustible gases, CO, NO, NO2
  • Power supply: 15 to 30 VDC
  • 4-20 mA linear output
  • Robust, user-friendly and easy to install
  • ATEX II 3 G / EEx nA IIC T4 approved
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ATEX fixed gas detector – OLCT10

Especially designed for use in boiler rooms or parkings, the OLCT10 sensor range is used to monitor presence of explosive vapors and gases or combustion toxic gases in ambient air.

 

Fixed gas detector OLCT10
  • Detection of the combustible gases, CO, NO, NO2
  • Power supply: 15 to 30 VDC
  • 4-20 mA linear output
  • Robust, user-friendly and easy to install
  • ATEX II 3 G / EEx nA IIC T4 approved
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C4H10 respiratory protection

At low concentration, butane is a toxic gas that can be filtered with an AX purifying cartridge, but this respiratory protective solution is not advised. As butane is an asphyxiating gas at high concentration levels, workers should use a self-contained breathing apparatus or a supplied air respirator for long-term applications.

The M20.2 is the world’s smallest emergency escape breathing device (or EEBD). Compact, lightweight and ergonomic, it can be easily belt-mounted.

  • emergency escape breathing device M20.2
  • On use / stand-by duration : 15-20 minutes / 32 minutes
  • Donning time : less than 10 seconds.
  • Compact and lightweight: 18.3 x 16.5 x 7.9 cm – less than 1 kg.
  • Can be refurbished after use.
  • Compressed oxygen air supply.
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Emergency escape breathing device M20.2

The M20.2 is the world’s smallest emergency escape breathing device (or EEBD). Compact, lightweight and ergonomic, it can be easily belt-mounted.

emergency escape breathing device M20.2
  • On use / stand-by duration : 15-20 minutes / 32 minutes
  • Donning time : less than 10 seconds.
  • Compact and lightweight: 18.3 x 16.5 x 7.9 cm – less than 1 kg.
  • Can be refurbished after use.
  • Compressed oxygen air supply.
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Especially designed for industrial applications, the self-contained breathing apparatus R-Pas combines reliability, performance and comfort of use. Composed by an SCBA mask, a compressed air cylinder and a harness, the R-Pas complete set is provided in its carrying case.

  • complete SCBA set R-pas kit by Dräger: a full self-contained breathing apparatus in its carrying case
  • Efficient weight balance
  • Air supply hose and manometer integrated to the harness
  • Full face respiratory protective mask
  • Provided with high visibility orange carrying case
  • Well suited for use in ATEX zones
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R-Pas complete SCBA set with carrying case

Especially designed for industrial applications, the self-contained breathing apparatus R-Pas combines reliability, performance and comfort of use. Composed by an SCBA mask, a compressed air cylinder and a harness, the R-Pas complete set is provided in its carrying case.

complete SCBA set R-pas kit by Dräger: a full self-contained breathing apparatus in its carrying case
  • Efficient weight balance
  • Air supply hose and manometer integrated to the harness
  • Full face respiratory protective mask
  • Provided with high visibility orange carrying case
  • Well suited for use in ATEX zones
Additional information

Especially designed for use in industrial applications, the R-Pas set is a self-contained breathing apparatus with reduced maintenance needs. It combines performance, reliability and comfort of use.

Particularly lightweight and multifunction, this open-circuit SCBA is an ideal solution in presence of toxic gases or for use in poorly oxygenated environments. As it is compliant with the EN 137-2 standard, the R-Pas set is also recommended for fire interventions. Thus it is widely used by firefighters all around the world.

Delivered complete in its high visibility orange carrying case, the R-Pas is part of the latest generation of self-contained breathing apparatus. It is composed by an SCBA mask, a compressed air cylinder and a harness.

The harness is lightweight and easy to don. It is equipped with a factory pre-set flow regulator and a demand flow regulator. Thanks to its lightweight, antistatic and shock resistant design and rubber protection for the manometer, this harness is especially made for use in the harshest environments. Its harness is made of lightweight flameproof buckles, adjustable straps and rubber backplate highly resistant to chemical products. This way, the R-Pas SCBA is well-suited for fire situations. Moreover air supplying and manometer hoses are directly mounted into the harness backplate for better comfort.

The SCBA mask included in the R-Pas set is made of elastomer for easy adjustment and perfect fit with any shape of face. Thanks to its dual airtight seal and a 180° visor, this respiratory protective mask offers an outstanding comfort of use and a large distortion-free field of view for an excellent peripheral view. Furthermore this mask is provided with a specific bag in order not to be damaged or scratched during transport in the carrying case.

The compressed air cylinder that is also included in the R-Pas set is lightweight and robust. Made of lightened steel, this cylinder is equipped with an EN tap. Thanks to its 6 liters capacity at 300 bars, this compressed air cylinder provides clean air for approximately 40 minutes for safe interventions.

The high visibility orange carrying case has been especially designed to carry the full SCBA R-Pas set, including the connected cylinder and is ready for use.

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Well-suited for emergency evacuation from confined spaces, the OXY 3000/6000 is a SCSR self-contained self-rescue device that chemically produces breathable air. Different versions offer from 30 up to 60 minutes autonomy.

  • drager SCSR oxy 3000 6000 oxygen self rescuer for emergency escape
  • Up to 60 minutes autonomy.
  • Shock absorbent shell to protect the device.
  • Safety Eye for easy visual safety check.
  • Dimensions: 265 x 217 x 125 mm for less than 4 kg.
  • Approved in compliance with SA 89/686/CEE DIN EN 13794 standards and Australian coal mining.
  • Storage shelf life up to 10 years.
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Self-rescuer SCSR OXY 3000/6000

Well-suited for emergency evacuation from confined spaces, the OXY 3000/6000 is a SCSR self-contained self-rescue device that chemically produces breathable air. Different versions offer from 30 up to 60 minutes autonomy.

drager SCSR oxy 3000 6000 oxygen self rescuer for emergency escape
  • Up to 60 minutes autonomy.
  • Shock absorbent shell to protect the device.
  • Safety Eye for easy visual safety check.
  • Dimensions: 265 x 217 x 125 mm for less than 4 kg.
  • Approved in compliance with SA 89/686/CEE DIN EN 13794 standards and Australian coal mining.
  • Storage shelf life up to 10 years.
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CEN-PAQ is very convenient and ideal for short interventions (15, 20 or 30 minutes), highly polluted environment applications or for emergency rescue in confined space or stale environment.

  • High visibility fireproof jacket with VELCRO fastener
  • Warning whistle and pressure gauge
  • Vision3, Promask or Panaseal full face masks
  • Stainless steel or composite compressed air cylinder
  • Compliant with EN137, EN136; EN139 standards
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Self-contained breathing apparatus – CEN-PAQ

CEN-PAQ is very convenient and ideal for short interventions (15, 20 or 30 minutes), highly polluted environment applications or for emergency rescue in confined space or stale environment.

Self-contained breathing apparatus CEN-PAQ
  • High visibility fireproof jacket with VELCRO fastener
  • Warning whistle and pressure gauge
  • Vision3, Promask or Panaseal full face masks
  • Stainless steel or composite compressed air cylinder
  • Compliant with EN137, EN136; EN139 standards
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